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(1914) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen Translator: Arthur G. Chater - Tema: Russia
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Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - XVII. The Amúr district and the Amúr railway

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a continuation of the Little Khingån range from
Manchuria. The mountainous country is scored in all
parts by a number of rivers, which flow into the Amiir
and have often excavated deep valleys.
The broad and mighty river Amiir, which is the
great artery of this whole country, shows in part the
same tendency that we found so marked in the Yenisei ;
its right bank being steeper and higher than its left,
which in many places forms low, marshy plains. One
has the impression that the river has moved to the right
until it was stopped by the Manchurian mountains;
while on the left side it has left much low-lying country
behind it. Two great plains are particularly con
spicuous : the Buréya-Séya Plain, which extends widely
from a good way west of the tributary Séya, south
eastwards along the Amiir to a long way past the tribu
tary Buréya. And then there is the Central Amiir
Plain, which stretches from the Little Khingån, past the
mouths of the Sungari, Ussuri and Tunguska, to east
of Khabarovsk. While the latter plain is somewhat
marshy, and therefore has been little suited for settlement,
the Buréya-Séya Plain, on the other hand, has in parts
excellent land, grass steppes and forest steppes, which
may certainly become a great and rich corn country.
Otherwise, the whole Amiir district is covered with
forest : in the mountain tracts endless forests of conifers,
and on the plains near the Amiir foliage trees to a
great extent ; mostly oak and birch, the white birch and
black birch also to some extent ; in this low country
the vegetation is sometimes quite luxuriant and such
southern trees as plum, apple, cork-trees and even
wild vines are found.
The climate of the Amiir district is comparatively
cold. The mean annual temperature of a great part
of the country, in about the latitude of the Buréya

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