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(1914) [MARC] Author: Fridtjof Nansen Translator: Arthur G. Chater - Tema: Russia
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In 1905 twenty-two steamers were dispatched by the
Russian Government to the Yenisei estuary, and two
German steamers went to the mouth of the Obi. As late
as the end of August they found the Yugor Strait closed
by ice, but they got through in the early days of September
and found the Kara Sea almost entirely ice-free, with the
exception of some scattered ice in its south-western
In 1906 the ice conditions in the Kara Sea appear to have
been favourable, but no accurate information is available.
In 1907 the ice conditions seem to have been fairly
favourable in the Kara Sea. The Russian sealer, Sviatoi
Foka (the " Holy Seal "), sailed through the Kara Sea in
ice-free water at the close of August, and returned after
successful wahus-hunting in September. The Russian
steamboat, Bakan, passed through the Yugor Strait on
August 31 and reached the Yenisei on September 27.
In 1908 the conditions appear to have been favourable ;
several Russian and Norwegian sloops were engaged in
sealing in the Kara Sea that year.
No information is obtainable of the ice conditions in the
Kara Sea in 1909 and 1910.
In 1911 there was a lot of ice in the Kara Sea, but the
Englishman, Webster, reached the Yenisei estuary in the
Nimrod and the ship returned.
In 1912 there was an unusual quantity of ice in the Kara
Sea. Several ships which were to bring stores for the
wireless station at Mora Sale, in Yamal, tried in vain to
get there up to the middle of September. One or two
other Russian ships also attempted without success to get
through the ice to the eastward, and on September 28
and 29 the vessels returned homeward from Yugor Shar.
It has been mentioned in Chapter I that in this year
the Siberian Company dispatched the Norwegian steamer
Tulla to the Yenisei. The vessel arrived at the Yugor
Strait on August 12, but could not get through on account
of ice. The Kara Strait was also closed. On August 27
the Tulla passed through the Yugor Strait ; but there was
a great deal of ice, and she could only make a little headway

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