- Project Runeberg -  Runornas talmystik och dess antika förebild /
209

(1927) [MARC] Author: Sigurd Agrell - Tema: Runic inscriptions
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SUMMARY.



The author’s aim is to set forth the mystical system of numbers found in the runes, and to show their connection with the alphabetical magic of the late Greeks and Romans.

In Chapter I a number of Greek and Roman inscriptions showing the characteristics of alphabetical magic are analysed and discussed. In several cases it can be shown that incantations of this sort are addressed to some particular god, and it can usually be assumed in these cases, with more or less certainty, that the holy number of the god in question lies hidden in the sum of the numerical values of the letters used. The holy numbers of the gods are connected with the order of the days of the week of the late Greeks and Romans. (Cf. § 3.) Christian inscriptions must naturally be explained according to some other mystic-numerical principle. For instance, the number 5 would seem to be the symbol for the 5 wounds of Christ and their miraculous power, the number 4 the symbol for the cross. (Cf. § (3, 5 and § 8, 2—4.) Alphabetical magic can be shown in certain of the writings included in the Books of the New Testament; this is especially true of the Apocalypse. The meaning of the number 616 and its variant 666 can be explained according to the same principle as the Christian inscriptions. (Cf. § 7 f.) The second part of the chapter is devoted to a thorough discussion of the alphabetical magic in the inscriptions from the cults of Jupiter Dolichenus and of Mithra.

In Chapter II a new theory is suggested for the origin of the older series of runes. The author has come to the conclusion that the fuþark — that is, the runes a an ordered whole — was composed entirely for some magic-mystical end. The

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