- Project Runeberg -  Year-book of the Swedish-American Historical Society / Volume 6 (1916-1917) /
70

(1908-1925) [MARC]
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and Hudde was appointed to the command at Fort
Christina (now called Altona) and New Gottenburg,
Jacquet being dismissed from office on ill-substantiated
charges of tyranny and violence. More settlers
arriving on “De Waag” in August, the government of
New Amstel was reorganized to consist of a permanent
council of seven members, elected by the burghers,
from which body three magistrates were chosen, who,
with a sheriff and secretary, constituted a court of
justice. Several public buildings were erected and
enclosed in a square, and at the end of the first year
the town comprised about one hundred houses. The
Swedes and Finns, who belonged to the upper colony
(that of the West India Company) numbered about
two hundred families, and were put under the charge
of Sheriff Gregorius van Dyck, aided by four Swedish
Magistrates, and three military officers. To protect
the interests of the Company in the matter of tolls and
customs, another officer was appointed with jurisdiction
over the whole river, viz., William Beckman, of
New Amsterdam, who received the title of Commissary
and Vice-Director, and also administered justice and
military affairs in the upper colony.

In 1658 the prosperity of the settlement at New
Amstel was much diminished through failure of the
crops and a serious epidemic, which carried off a
hundred persons, both children and adults. Another vessel
arrived from Holland with one hundred and eight
emigrants, but this only increased the scarcity of food,
and many of the inhabitants deserted to Maryland,
which led to a controversy between Governor Fendal
of that Province and Director-General Stuyvesant as
to the Jurisdiction of Lord Baltimore on the Delaware.

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