- Project Runeberg -  Ett svenskt jernverk : Sandviken och dess utveckling 1862-1937 /

(1937) [MARC] - Tema: Metals
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manager. The time following the world war is dealt with in a closing

For each of the said periods there is given a short, general survey
of the technical, economic and social development—these fields being
möre fully treated in chapters III, IV and V. Chapter II also touches
ön matters of möre general interest, such as the relations between the
company and its staff, earlier artides ön Sandviken, the company’s
participation in exhibitions, the administrative side of the company’s
development, its engagements in mining, charcoal and power
com-panies, etc. Mentioned are also the möre festive occasions and other
möre important events in the life of the company and the community.


After this general survey of Sandviken’s history, Chapter III gives
a möre detailed survey of the technical expansion of the Sandviken
works. The chapter opens with a short artide ön G. F. Göransson’s
contribution to the realisation of the Bessemer process. Then follows
a description of the foundation of the Sandviken Steelworks. The
author mentions that the building work was commenced in March
1862. This work consisted of a canal designed to provide the
steelworks with waterpower and of the mills itself, which to start with
comprised a blast furnace and a roasting furnace, two Bessemer
con-verters and a building containing among other things a 15-ton steam
hammer and a rolling mill for tyres. Plans of these as well as a
series of general maps are reproduced in a separate appendix.

The following sections are devoted to the different technical
de-partments of the company. At first there is a description of the
expansion of the metallurgical department, with particular reference to
the building of blast furnace houses in the years 1871, 1889 and 1908.
Side by side with the lise in manufacturing capacity for pig-iron
the plants for the production of ingöts were also extended. In 1873
a new Bessemer plant was erected and during the years 1898—1916
not less than eight open-hearth furnaces were built. In the 1920’s
and 1950’s ingöt production has been still further augmented by a
number of electric steel furnaces, both arc and induction, the latter
also of the high frequency type.

In the section dealing with the hot rolling and forging department an
account is given of the acquisition of a universal rolling mill (for rolling

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