Other Digital Library Projects
This list is no longer maintained. The last link was added in 2003.
This page provides links to other sites on the Internet with
activities related to Project Runeberg.
While not all of the listed resources are digital libraries, some are,
and all are relevant to digital library activities to some degree.
Words like "The", "Det", and "Project" are not significant in sorting
this list. Dates indicate how long the resource has existed or how
long it has been known to us.
On this page:
- ABU : la Bibliothèque
- ABU (L'Association des Bibliophiles Universels) is a French free
(Established in 1993)
- ADL -- see Alexandria Digital Library
- AHDS -- see Arts and Humanities Data Service
- Alexandria Digital
- One of the six projects of phase 1 of the U.S. Digital Library
Initiative (DLI-1), the Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project at
the University of California in Santa Barbara has focused on
geographically oriented information.
- Linda Hill et al, Geographic
Names, article in the January 1999 issue of D-Lib Magazine.
- All-Music Guide (AMG)
- AMG (All-Music Guide and All-Movie Guide) is an ongoing project to
review and rate all music (whether in-print CDs or out-of-print on
vinyl) and list (and rate) all feature movies and provide their
credits and related information. AMG ratings attempt to show, for any
given artist, where the best work of that particular artist can be
found. Located in Big Rapids, Michigan. AMG contains 16,000
biographies, 200,000 albums, and over a million song titles.
- American Verse -- see University of Michigan
- AMG -- see All-Music Guide
- By Sigbjørn Obstfelder and others, Norway. Publishes poetry.
(30 Jan 1995)
della Letteratura Italiana
- A collection of classic Italian literature by Riccardo Scateni at
the Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development in Sardinia
- Project Argus
- Developed over the period 1994--1996 by a team of geographers from
the UK ESRC Midlands Regional Research Laboratory at Leicester
University and the Department of Geography at Birkbeck College London
with the financial support of the New Technologies Initiative of the
Joint Information Systems Committee of the Higher Education Funding
Councils, Project Argus demonstrated the use of interactive computer
visualization of spatially distributed data as a technique for helping
teaching and learning in a variety of subjects, such as geography,
geology, meteorology and the social sciences. Deliverables from the
project includes some free software for creating visualization systems
for use with spatial data in a UNIX Workstation environment.
- Arkivrådet AAS
- A Swedish society for those interested in archival issues,
primarily for people working in the public sector.
- Art Bin
- A Swedish cultural online magazine.
(Established in April 1995)
- ARTFL -- see University of Chicago
- Arts and Humanities Data
- An iniitiative in the United Kingdom to collect, catalogue,
manage, preserve and promote the re-use of scholarly digital
resources. Some AHDS
Publications and publication categories are listed below.
Guides to Good
Neil Beagrie, Daniel Greenstein, A Strategic Policy
Framework for Creating and Preserving Digital Collections,
Version 4.0, 14 Jul 1998. Chapter 7 contains a comprehensive
overview (bibliography) of online resources
- Australian Cooperative
Digitisation Project, 1840-45
- Aiming to capture five early years of Australian history.
(Established in 1996)
- The German regional archive in Baden-Württemberg presents some
documents on "digital contributions to issues in archiving" (Digitale Beiträge zu
archivischen Fachfragen), among them:
gefährdeten Bibliotheks- oder Archivguts, Abschlußbericht der
Arbeitsgruppe "Digitalisierung" des Unterausschusses Bestandserhaltung
der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, 7. Oktober 1996. This final
paper from a subcommittee of a working group compares microfilming
- Project Bartleby and the New Bartleby
- Steven H. van Leeuwen's early project at Columbia University is
moving to a site of its own.
(Established in 1994 and 1997, respectively)
- Verlag Traugott Bautz
- A publisher in Herzberg, Germany.
- Biographisch-Bibliographisch Kirchenlexikon
- Beowulf -- see Electronic Beowulf
- Berkeley -- see University of California
- This seems to be a G7 project on electronic libraries. The Final
report, February 1995 is elaborate on the objectives, but where
are the results?
- Biographisch-Bibliographisch Kirchenlexikon -- see Bautz
- Blue Angel
- Develops and markets metadata reposityory technology.
- A Danish site where you can buy new books and learn about authors
and literature. Librarian Niels Jensen has contributed a large
database of literary prize winners.
(5 Jan 1999)
- En tjeneste fra Forlagsentralen i Norge. Information about
Norwegian books, provided by publishers' joint distribution center.
(31 Oct 1997)
- Suomalainen kirja verkossa - Finnish books and literature
presented by Oy CultNet Finland Ltd, Helsinki.
- British Library
- The national library of Great Britain.
- Caere Corporation
- Maker of hardware and software for scanning and Optical Character
(30 Sep 1995)
- California Digital
- CDL is the Co-Library of the campuses of University of California.
See also the CDL Planning Site.
(4 May 1998)
- California Heritage Collection -- see University of California
- CDL -- see California Digital Library
- Cedars Project - CURL
Exemplars in Digital Archives
- From the Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL),
(19 May 1998)
- Celebration of Women Writers -- see On-Line Books Page
- CELT: Corpus of Electronic
- At University College Cork, started out as the CURIA Project,
publishes Irish e-texts.
- Center for Electronic
Texts in the Humanities (CETH)
- A joint project of Rutgers and Princeton Universities.
(Established in 1991)
- CETH -- see Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities
- Developed by NEC Research Institute in Princeton, New Jersey.
Presented at ACM DL'98 and soon to be made available.
- CLIR -- see Council on Library and Information Resources
- CLR -- see Council on Library and Information Resources
- A collection of resources for conservation professionals, a
project of the Preservation Department of Stanford University
(11 Sept 1996)
- CoOL -- see Conservation Online
- Corpus of Electronic Texts -- see CELT
- Council on Library and
Information Resources (CLIR)
- In collaboration with many associations, networks, and scholarly
societies, CLIR serves as a forum for change. CLIR grew out of the
1996 merger of the Commission on
Preservation and Access (CPA) and the Council on Library Resources
(CLR). These organizations have published reports documenting current
holdings of digitized material.
CLIR is also home to the Digital Library
Federation, founded in May 1995, earlier hosted by the Library of
(27 Oct 1996)
- CPA -- see Council on Library and Information Resources
- CURIA -- see CELT
- CURL Exemplars in Digital Archives -- see Cedars Project
- Danmarks Elektroniske
- Denmark's Electronic Research Library. Over five years
(1998-2002) the Danish government will spend 200 MDKK on this project.
- Dansk lydhistorie
- Danish audio history, presented by statsbiblioteket at Aarhus
University, is a member of Kulturnet Danmark.
(1 Dec 1996)
- Dansk Selskab for Fotogrammetri
og Landmåling (DSFL)
- Founded in 1934, the Danish Society for Photogrammetry and Land
Survey has defined a geographic information exchange format which is
used by many in Denmark.
- By Erik Stenvall. (See also the more recent EF-Sverige below.)
- Datorgenererad parodisaga
- A fairytale in Swedish automatically generated just for you.
(6 Dec 1994)
- DBI -- see Deutsche Bibliotheksinstitut
- DBNL -- see Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren
- DC -- see Dublin Core
- DDB -- see Deutsche Bibliothek
- DDS -- see Den Digitala Salongen
- DECOMATE II - "Developing the European digital library for
economics". Partially funded by the European Commission DG XIII
Telematics for Libraries programme, the goal of Decomate II is to
develop an end-user service which provides access to information
resources at different libraries in Europe.
(February 1998 - July 2000)
- DEF -- see Danmarks Elektroniske Forskningsbibliotek
- Det Kongelige Bibliotek -- see Kongelige Bibliotek
- Deutsche Bibliothek (DDB)
- Germany's new national library after the reunion is situated both
in Frankfurt am Main and in Dresden.
Digitization projects, among them "Eine deutsche Bibliothek"
aiming to digitize 1,000 titles from classic German literature.
- Maintains a presentation of German
digital library projects, some of them in the area of retrospective digitization of library holdings (Retrospektive
Digitalisierung von Bibliotheksbeständen).
- DFG is the central public funding organization for academic
research in Germany. Some of their documents contain important
guidelines for applicants in the digital library area:
Modernisierung und Rationalisierung in wissenschaftlichen
Elektronische Publikationen im Literatur- und
Informationsangebot wissenschaftlicher Bibliotheken, Merkblatt
Retrospektive Digitalisierung von Bibliotheksbeständen, Merkblatt
Praktische Hinweise zur retrospektiven Digitalisierung von
Internationale Kooperationen im Förderbereich Verteilte
Digitale Forschungsbibliothek, Merkblatt
- Developing the European digital library for economics -- see
- DFG -- see Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
- Diderot's Encyclopedie -- see University of Chicago
- DigiNews -- see Research Libraries Group
- Digitale Bibliotheek voor de
Nederlandse Letteren or DBNL
- (18 May 2003)
- Digital Object Identifier
- Designed by the Association of American Publishers, in partnership
with the Corporation For National Research Initiatives, to link
customers with publishers, facilitate electronic commerce, and enable
copyright management systems.
(10 Nov 1997)
- Den Digitala Salongen (DDS)
- Swedish pioneer project to involve non-technicians
(e.g. journalists and public libraries) in using modern information
technology and the Internet, initiated by Alexander Rudenstam.
biblioteket (ask the library) is an online reference desk,
run in cooperation by municipal public libraries in eight cities
around Sweden, starting on 1 Sep 1998.
(Established in 1993)
- IFLA's discussion list for Digital Libraries.
- D-lib Magazine
- A monthly online magazine on digital library research, pubished by
Digital Library Forum.
Library Metrics Working Group
(2 Jan 1997)
- A forum for European cooperation, and presented on the I*M Europe
on best practices for using electronic information
- DOI -- see Digital Object Identifier System
- A major Norwegian effort in 1997 to digitize historic and literary
material, a cooperation project between the major universities.
(Finished in December 1997)
- DSFL -- see Dansk Selskab for Fotogrammetri og Landmåling
- Dublin Core Metadata (DC)
Core Metadata Element Set: Resource Page, presented by
Core Metadata Element Set: Reference Description, presented by
resources, presented by IFLA
Lou Burnard, Eric Miller, Liam Quin, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, A
Syntax for Dublin Core Metadata: Recommendations from the Second
Metadata Workshop, presented on Sperberg-McQueen's home
page at the University of Illinois at Chicago
Stuart Weibel, A Proposed Convention for Embedding Metadata in HTML,
presented by OCLC.
(3 Mar 1997)
- Duke University
- The Historic American Sheet Music site holds 16,000 pages of sheet
music from 3042 pieces published in the United States between 1850 and
(Announced 1 Dec 1998)
- EB -- see Encyclopedia Britannica
- ECUP -- see European Copyright User Platform
- Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu
- The National Library of Estonia.
- EFF -- see Electronic Frontier Foundation
- Independent Swedish branch of the Electronic Frontier Foundation
(Established in 1997)
- Egyptian Libraries
- For public, academic and special libraries in Egypt.
- Electronic Beowulf
- Award-winning project in digital preservation of medieval
manuscripts, presented by University of Kentucky and the British
(8 Oct 1995)
- Electronic Frontier
- Protecting rights and promoting freedom in the Electronic
(Founded in 1990)
- Electronic Libraries Programme -- see eLib
- Electronic Text
- At the University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville. Srong
users of TEI.
David Seaman, The Electronic
Text Center Introduction to TEI and Guide to Document
(Established in 1992)
- eLib: Electronic
- Great Britain's major digital library effort, also presenting
online magazine Ariadne. From the UK Office
for Library and Information Networking (UKOLN) at the
University of Bath.
(19 Apr 1997)
- Encyclopedia Britannica
- Very useful if your organization has an online license. (This is
true for all Swedish universities.)
(4 Nov 1996)
- A two-way translation dictionary, sponsored by the Institute of
Baltic Studies. The Internet version by Marek Tiits.
- English Poetry Database -- see University of Michigan
- ESMI -- see European Spatial Metadata Infrastructure
- Estonian law
- Free e-text editions of Estonian law, some of them also available in English
translation. Also available in free e-text is the Estonian law on
- ETC -- see Electronic Text Center
- The ETEXT Archive
- Founded in the Summer of 1992 by Paul Southworth, hosted by the
User Services department of the University of Michigan's Information
Technology Division. This was one of the first Gopher servers on the
- EU -- see European Union
Copyright User Platform (ECUP)
- Aiming to explain and monitor the development of copyright
legislation in relation to new technologies, and provide information
to European librarians.
(30 Nov 1996)
- European Spatial
Metadata Infrastructure (ESMI)
- ESMI intends to provide a simple single-gate access via the
Internet to explore many metadata services, in order to help people
find geographic information. This project involves 5 European
partners and is part-funded by DG XIII of the European Commission.
See also the I*M Europe website (below). Seems to involve Z39.50
- European Union (EU)
- The Eureopean Commission
is the closest approximation to a government of the European Union
(EU). Its directorates-general (DG), identified by roman numerals, roughly
corresponds to ministries. See also the European Parliament.
- DG XII, Science,
Research and Development
- DG XIII, Information Society: Telecommunications, Markets, Technologies -
Innovation and Exploitation of Research, see also I*M Europe
- Joint Research Centre
- Community Research and
Development Information Service (CORDIS)
- The Fifth RTD Framework
Programme 1998--2002 (FP5) defines EU's priorities for research,
technological development and demonstration (RTD) activities. One of
its four thematic programs aims to create a user-friendly information
society. See also the Information Society Technologies Programme.
- Extensible Markup Language (XML)
- Annotated XML
Specifiction by Tim Bray
- Rohit Khare, Adam Rifkin, X Marks the Spot, eXtensible Markup Language opens the door to a
motherlode of automated Web applications, October 1997.
- See also W3C and OII (below).
- Federal Geographic Data
- This U.S. federal interagency committee works with ISO/TC 211 (see
ISO below) to establish geographic metadata standards and more.
- Content Standard
for Digital Geospatial Metadata, revised June 1998, by the
Metadata Ad Hoc Working Group Federal Geographic Data Committee.
- FGDC -- see Federal Geographic Data Committee
and Mythology Electronic Texts
- Edited and/or translated by D. L. Ashliman, Department of Germanic
Languages and Literatures, University of Pittsburgh
- Foreningen Forn
- A Norwegian association of asatru believers has compiled
sagaer og kvad, a collection of Old Norse texts.
(22 April 1999)
- Fornfræði à
- Old literature in West-Iceland, presented in Icelandic, and
eventually also in
English, and Danish by a school project headed by Harpa
Hreinsdottir, Fjölbrautaskóla Vesturlands á Akranesi. 114 students in
5 groups compose web-pages of Icelandic sagas and Snorri Sturluson's
Edda, which is about Norse Mythology.
(11 Oct 1995)
- Freie Universität Berlin
- At the university
Goerdten has collected a large number of useful links
for studies in German language and literature, including more than
1,400 links to information about German authors.
- (Oct 1998)
- GEB -- see Gotlands Elektroniska Bibliotek
- A Danish metadata directory of digital geographic information,
produced by Kort &
- Getty Information
- Based in Los Angeles, CA, the GII is part of the Getty Center. The J. Paul Getty Trust is a
private operating foundation dedicated to the visual arts and the
- The Getty
Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) contains approximately 900,000
records for places, arranged in hierarchies representing all nations
of the modern world, and including vernacular and historical names,
coordinates, place types, and other relevant information.
- Gotlands Elektroniska
- An island in the Baltic Sea left to its own devices, Gotland
proves that regional cooperation really can work, involving the county
library, the local college, the county museum, county archives, aswell
as the Baltic writers' and translators' center.
- GRID Arendal
- An open geographic database over the Baltic region.
(2 Oct 1995)
- Project Gutenberg
- The original electronic text project, made in USA.
(New site since 20 May 1996)
Gutenberg - DE
- The German answer to the original Project Gutenberg was started by
Gunter Hille at Hamburg University, but later moved to a commercial
German Internet provider.
- Göttingen -- see Niedersächsische Staats- und
- Helsingin yliopiston
- Helsinki University Library is the national library of Finland.
The online public access catalog is named HELKA. See also the HELMI
database of digitized material.
- Tietolinja News
- The Electronic Newsletter of the Library Network Services, Helsinki
- Bengt Hemlin
- (In Swedish) Tips om hur du bäst formulerar ett budskap och
framför det i skrift eller muntligt. Mycket användbart.
(27 Jan 1996)
- In Bergen, Norway. Has Ibsen and Wittgenstein on-line.
(8 Oct 1995)
- Paper and online quarterly magazine in Swedish on the use of
information technology in the humanities, published by the library
school at Högskolan i Borås, Sweden.
(First appeared in 1997)
- Humanities Text Initiative -- see University of Michigan
- Humbul Humanites Hub
- List of international resources for the humanities. From Oxford
(8 Oct 1995)
- Ibsen in Skien and
- This website, based on a book by Philip E. Larson, presents
resources in Ibsen's early environment.
- ICA -- see International Council on Archives
- ICOLC -- see International Coalition of Library Consortia
- IFLA -- see International Federation of Library Associations and
- ILEJ -- see Internet Library of Early Journals
- IMDB -- see Internet Movie Database
- I*M Europe
- The Information Market Europe (I*M Europe) WWW server is operated
by DGXIII of the European Commission, which roughly translates to the
Department of Information Technology of the Government of the European
Union. While this is not a digital library project, the website
contains lots of information on the Union's policies and current
development projects. See also DLM-Forum (above) and OII (below).
- Telematics for Libraries
- Info 2000 aims at
stimulating the emerging multimedia content industry.
Information for Europe is a presentation of various efforts to
stimulate the use of geographic information systems in Europe. A long
awaited document on this topic is GI2000 - Towards
a European Policy Framework for Geographic Information. See
also ESMI (above).
- Immigrantinstitutet: Invandrade författare i
- The Swedish Immigrant Institute
and the Federation of
Immigrated Authors in Sweden (Svenska Invandrarförfattares
förbund, SVIFF) present this list of 700 authors who have immigrated
- IMS -- see Instructional Management Systems
- A Swedish weekly e-mail newsletter about the Internet, IT, and
media. More than 5,000 subscribers.
Inetmedia also publishes useful pointers in The Swedish Page, Swedish libraries,
nätet and more.
- Information Market Europe -- see I*M Europe
- An initiative to get Swedish museums and their collections on the
Internet, maintainting links to several museums that are already on
(12 May 1996)
- Instructional Management
- Educom's IMS Project has published a metadata specification to
support online learning.
Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC)
- ICOLC is an informal organization that began meeting in 1997.
Comprising about sixty library consortia in the United States, Canada,
the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Israel, and Australia,
the Coalition represents over 5,000 member libraries worldwide.
- Statement of Current Perspective and Preferred Practices for the
Selection and Purchase of Electronic Information
- International Council on
- ICA Studies 8, Guide for Managing
Electronic Records from an Archival Perspective, Committee on
Electronic Records, February 1997
- International Federation of
Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)
- International Organization
for Standardization (ISO)
- A branch of the United Nations, ISO issues international
standards. ISO has a Technical Committee (TC) for each area that
- ISO/TC 211 Geographic
Information / Geomatics.
- Internet Library
of Early Journals (ILEJ)
- A joint project by the Universities of Birmingham, Leeds,
Manchester and Oxford, ILEJ aims to digitise substantial runs of 18th
and 19th century journals, and make these images available on the
Internet, together with their associated bibliographic data. The core
collection for the project are runs of at least 20 consecutive years
of six journals.
- The Internet Movie
- IMDb aims to provide useful and up to date movie information
freely available on-line. As per 1998 it covers over 150,000 movies
with over 2.2 million filmography entries, growing by 50,000 entries
per week, covering more than 500,000 people. IMDb is part of the
Amazon.com group of companies.
(Established in 1990)
- Internet Public Library -- see University of Michigan
- A guide to Iceland, to the Icelandic people and language,
created by Guðmundur Helgason.
(2 Jan 1997)
- ISO -- see International Organization for Standardization
- Janus Visualization
- Hosted at MIDAS (see below), the JANUS Visualization Gateway
Project was initiated to integrate visualization ideas and software
tools to develop an intelligent, interactive, on-line mapping
visualization gateway to the British 1991 Census and associated
digitised boundary data held on MIDAS.
- Journal Storage -- see JSTOR
- JSTOR (Journal Storage)
- JSTOR's goals include to build a reliable and comprehensive
archive of important scholarly journal literature and to improve
access to these journals. The focus is on becoming a trusted archive,
and they do not publish current issues of the journals. Headquartered
in New York, NY, significant parts of JSTOR are found in Ann Arbor,
(launched in Jan 1997)
- Cable Factory cultural centre, Helsinki, Finland. Contains a
subsidiary to Helsinki City Library, probably the first public library
in Finland to connect to the Internet.
- KB -- see Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Kungliga Biblioteket
- KINDS -- see Knowledge-based Interfaces to National Data Sets
Interfaces to National Data Sets (KINDS)
- A suite of projects aiming to increase awareness, accessibility
and usability of spatial data sets, KINDS is a consortium of
Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester Computing and
University of Salford which works with Manchester Information Data
Sets and Associated Services (MIDAS) to extend and intensify use of the National Spatial Data
Sets by the UK academic community.
- Alternative links http://lenny.mcc.ac.uk/kinds/ or http://midas.ac.uk/kinds/.
- Dan Abbot and Adrian Moss, The KINDS2 Project: KINDS Implementation of the Dublin Core, 1998.
- Adrian Moss, The KINDS Gazetteer
- Det Kongelige Bibliotek (KB)
- The Royal Library in Copenhagen, Denmark. Publishes e-texts.
- Koninklijke Bibliotheek
- The national library of the Netherlands runs a number of online
Networked European Deposit
Library (NEDLIB), launced in January 1998.
project (Directory Of Netherlands Online Resources, started on 1 May
1998) aims to create an enabling infrastructure for information
management and retrieval on SURFnet, the national research network of
- Kotimaisten kielten
- The Research Institute for the Languages of Finland is
administrated by the Ministry of Education. Also in Swedish: Forskningscentralen
för de inhemska språken i Helsingfors har gott om länkar även
angående det svenska språket i Finland.
(30 Mar 1997)
- Kulturnet Danmark
- Culture Net Denmark, governmental, was the first of its kind in
the Nordic countries.
(31 Oct 1997)
- Kulturnett Norge
- Culture Net Norway, governmental.
(31 Oct 1997)
- Initiated by the Swedish government's ministry for culture,
Culture Net Sweden is a center of competence in the use of IT for
culture, and maintains links to Swedish cultural websites.
(31 Oct 1997)
- Kungliga biblioteket (KB)
- The Royal Library in Stockholm is Sweden's national library.
Libris is the online
public access catalog of KB aswell as a union catalog of all Swedish
university and research libraries.
BIBSAM is the office for
coordination among Swedish research libraries.
Kulturarw³ is an effort to
collect and archive all Swedish web pages, initiated by BIBSAM.
Nya vägar för boken (New Book
Economy), ett EU-finansierat utredningsprojekt som presenterat flera
Svesök is a combined link
collection and Dublin Core metadata-based search utility for Swedish
web pages, as collected by the Kulturarw³ robot.
F1700 - Svenskt tryck före
1700, 19 svenska böcker från 1500- och 1600-talet presenteras i
faksimil, totalt 1500 bilder.
Digitaliserade svenska affischer online.
- Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien
- The Swedish royal academy of literature, history and antiquities.
Its library has web pages hosted by Riksantikvarieämbetet (below).
- Kuusankoski Public
- The public library in Kuusankoski presents an Authors' Calendar,
aswell as information about literature prizes and Nordic writers.
- Landsbókasafn Íslands -
- National and University Library of Iceland
- The Swedish National Land Survey.
- See also SGU, ULI (below)
- Project Laurens
- Nederlandstalige klassicke literatuur in elektronische
edities. Electronic editions of classic literature in the Dutch
language. (There have been some Dutch historians who believed that L J
Coster was the real inventor of book printing and Gutenberg merely
stole the idea.)
(23 Jan 1996)
- LC -- see Library of Congress
- Lesk, Michael
- Author of Practical Digital Libraries, Morgan Kaufmann
Publishers, 1997. Wrote the UNIX tools tbl and refer at Bell Labs in
the 1970s. In 1998 working for the National Science Foundation on the
Digital Library Initiative.
- An interactive Swedish-to-English and Swedish-to-Finnish
translation dictionary, sponsored by the Swedish School Net.
(25 Aug 1995)
- Library of Congress
- The national library of the United States of America.
- American Memory is a
presentation of "Historical Collections for the National Digital
Library" aswell as several important Background Papers
and Technical Information.
- Library & Information
Technology Association (LITA)
- LITA is a division of the American Library Association (ALA).
Technology and Libraries (ITAL, ISSN 0230-9295) is a refereed
journal published quarterly by LITA.
Katharina Klemperer, Stephen Chapman, Digital Libraries:
a Selected Resource Guide, ITAL Vol. 16 No. 3,
- Linköping University
Runeberg is an open initiative to publish free electronic editions
of Nordic literature on the Internet.
(Started in December 1992)
- Linköping University Electronic
is a publisher of dissertations and other works (including unrefereed
research articles) produced at Linköping University in Linköping,
Sweden, LiUEP focuses on long-term availability and integrity of
academic texts. The same documents can be published in multiple
formats, such as LaTeX, SGML, Postscript, and PDF. The policies of
the project are published as part of the project. The initiative to
LiUEP came from professor Erik Sandewall, who also has started the
online journal Electronic
Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (ETAI).
(Established on 1 Oct 1996)
är ett projekt vid Tema-institutionen på Linköpings universitet med
Riksantikvarieämbetet och Kulturdepartementetet som medintressenter.
Östgötamål riktar uppmärksamheten mot en företeelse som engagerar
och intresserar alltfler, nämligen folkmålen, dialekterna.
- LITA -- see Library & Information Technology Association
- Eit initiativ frå Den norske Forfatterforening.
Information about Norwegian literature, provided by the association of
(31 Oct 1997)
- LiU -- see Linköping University
- Swedish online magazine on contemporary cultural and society
- National Land Survey of Finland.
- Making of America -- see University of Michigan
- Manchester Information Data Sets
and Associated Services (MIDAS)
- A UK national research support service based in Manchester
Computing at the University of Manchester, specialising in on-line
provision of strategic research and teaching datasets, software
packages, training and large-scale computing resources for the UK
academic community. Host to KINDS and JANUS (see above).
- Manchester Metropolitan University
- The Centre for
Research in Library and Information Management (CERLIM) presents
several completed projects. Among them are:
Evaluation and Quality in Library Performance: System for Europe
- Marx / Engels
- By Ken Campbell
- Sweden. Publishes electronic editions of Swedish translations of
texts by Marx and Engels.
(28 Oct 1996)
- MEGRIN -- see Multipurpose European Ground Related Information
- Metadata tools and services. Links to related information.
- MIDAS -- see Manchester Information Data Sets and Associated
- Middle English Compendium -- see University of Michigan
- Mittgart - Heidentum &
- Started out as the Edda homepage by Matthias Boehme in
(27 March 1995)
- Kansallisaineiston digitointi ja verkkokäyttö, a project
for digitization and network delivery of the Finnish national
(28 Feb 1998)
- Multipurpose European Ground
Related Information Network (MEGRIN)
- Supported by a consortium of European National Mapping Agencies,
MEGRIN aims to inform users about the availability of European
geographical data via its free Internet service Geographical Data Description
Directory (GDDD), and to provide data at a pan-European level.
- Nasjonalbiblioteket i Rana
- Norway's national library in Mo i Rana.
- National Archives -- see the following
- Denmark: Statens Arkiver
- Sweden: Riksarkivet
- National Geospatial Data
- The UK National Geospatial Data Framework (NGDF) was established
in 1988 (?) to help overcome the problem that over 40 UK government
departments and others produce geospatial data for their own needs,
and often collected in ways which make it difficult to reuse or to use
with other data sets.
- The NGDF website is also home to UKSGB (see below).
- National Land / Geological Surveys -- see the following
- Finland: Maanmittauslaitos
- Sweden: Lantmäteriet, Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning
- National Libraries -- see the following
- Denmark: Det Kongelige Bibliotek
- Estonia: Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu
- Finland: Helsingin yliopiston kirjasto
- Great Britain: British Library
- Iceland: Landsbókasafn Íslands - Háskólabókasafn
- Netherlands: Koninklijke Bibliotheek
- Norway: Nasjonalbiblioteket
- Sweden: Kungliga Biblioteket
- USA: Library of Congress
- National Science
- NSF is one of the major sponsors of digital library projects in
the USA, together with (in DLI and DLI2)
NASA, (in DLI2)
The Digital Library Initiative (DLI) was announced in 1993
and six projects
were selected and funded in this first round. A summary can
be found in the July/August 1998 issue of D-lib Magazine.
The Digital Library Initiative - Phase 2 (DLI2) is starting
in September 1998.
- Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library.
- Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
- Netlab is the research and development department of Lund
University Library in Lund, Sweden, at the same time doing research
and providing services such as the Nordic Web Index, Länkskafferiet, and Svensk Metadata
(nationellt initiativ för koordinering av Metadata aktiviteter,
Swedish URN generator.
Interesting links are found on Traugott Koch's homepage.
- Publishes Icelandic literature on the Internet.
(14 Jan 1997)
- New York Public
Library Digital Library Collections
- One of the world's largest libraries, the New York Public Library in June 1998
announced the first parts of its digital library collections.
- NGDF -- see National Geospatial Data Framework
Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, Göttingen
- The combined regional library of Lower Saxony and library of the
Göttingen, SUB has a long and strong tradition in paper media, but
is also looking into becoming a digital
library, including the establishment of the Göttinger
- Norbert Lossau (Head of the Center for Digitization), Frank
Klaproth (Technical Director), Digitization Efforts at the Center for Retrospective Digitization,
Göttingen University Library, article in RLG DigiNews, issue
1, volume 3, 15 Feb 1999.
- Nobel Foundation
- Presenting the Nobel Prize Laureates
(6 Oct 1995)
- Nordic Council / Nordic
Council of Ministers
- Established in 1952 and 1971, respectively, these are two
important bodies for regional cooperation, coordination, and project
funding in the Nordic countries (Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway, and
Iceland). NORDINFO is
a Nordic institution in the area of scientific information.
- Nordic FAQ
- Learn more about the Nordic countries through this set of
Frequently Asked Questions, maintained by Johan Olofsson.
- Nordic Metadata
- Funded by NORDINFO, tries to coordinate the use of Dublin Core for
metadata in the Nordic countries.
Hakala et al, Nordic Metadata Project, Final Report, July 1998
- The Nordic University Network connects academic networks in the
Nordic countries to each other and to the rest of the Internet. Since
the Nordunet2 initiative in 1998, NORDUnet is not only a network
operator, but also active in application areas.
The connected national networks are
- Norges loWWWer
- Norwegian law in free e-text. Collected in Norway, first
published at CERN, then w3.org, then Oslo University.
(20 May 1995)
- Norse Saga Home
- A digitized version of Guðni Jónsson and Bjarni Vilhjálmsson´s
three-volume popular edition of Fornaldarsögur Norðurlanda,
litteratur hist & hint
- Nyttig bakgrunnsstoff for særemne og stiloppgaver.
Information about Norwegian literature by Knut-Anders Løken.
(30 Nov 1996)
- NSF -- see National Science Foundation
- The Online Computer Library Center in Dublin, Ohio, are pioneers
in technologies such as MARC and PURL.
- OCR -- see Caere, Recognita, Xerox
- Octavo Corporation
- This company in Palo Alto, CA, sells CDROMs with electronic
facsimile editions (in Adobe PDF format) of old and rare books.
The first 13 titles come on 17 disks at $20--$40 each.
(7 Jan 1999)
- Office of Technology Assessment -- see OTA Legacy
- OII -- see Open Information Interchange
- Okerson, Ann
- Yale University librarian.
- Electronic Collections Development, a collection of links.
- Ann also manages Liblicense-L, an electronic mailing list for library licensing
issues, where a Bibliography of Licensing Sources can be found.
- OMACL -- see University of California
- Omnipage -- see Caere
- Very few updates after 1993. This is a historic document.
- The On-line Books Page
- By John Mark Ockerbloom. Compiles a list of English language
e-texts that others have made available.
- Associated with this: A Celebration of Women
Writers, a project coordinated by Mary Mark Ockerbloom.
- Online Computer Library Center -- see OCLC
- Online Medieval & Classical Library -- see University of
- Project Open Book
- At Yale University Library.
Summary: Microfilm books, then scan the microfilm.
(2 Jan 1997)
- Open Information
- The objective of the European Commission's Open Information
Interchange (OII) service is to provide all market actors -- including
standards and specification developers, product and service providers,
and end-users of these products and services -- with an overview of
existing and emerging standards and industry specifications designed
to facilitate the exchange of information in electronic form.
- OII Standards
and Specifications List:
- OII Guides:
- The Open Journal
- A British research project running from May 1995 to May 1998, the
Open Journal Project built a framework for publishing applications
enabling journals on the Web to be interlinked in new ways.
(7 Jan 1999)
- OTA -- see Oxford Text Archive
- The OTA
- Documents from the United States Congressional Office of
Technology Assessment (OTA, closed in 1995), scanned and made publicly
available by a project at Princeton University.
- Oxford Text
- At the Oxford University Computing Services. Also at Oxford, but
still on Gopher and not updated since 1994, is Alex - A Catalogue of
Electronic Texts on the Internet.
- Persistent URL (PURL)
- By The PURL Team, belonging to OCLC's Office of Research.
(3 Mar 1997)
- Pictor - Projektet om den
- A Swedish national project for digital images (web site in
Swedish). Den Digitala Salongen (DDS, se ovan) och
Riksantikvarieämbetet leder projektet Pictor med stöd av
KK-stiftelsen. Webplatsen innehåller pekare till svenska
- Pojken och trollen
- An interactive fairytale in Swedish.
- Pricing Electronic Access to Knowledge -- see University of
- Project Argus -- see Argus
- Project Bartleby -- see Bartleby
- Project Gutenberg -- see Gutenberg
- Project Laurens Janszoon Coster -- see Laurens Janszoon Coster
- Project Open Book -- see Open Book
- Project Runeberg -- see Linköping University
- Projektet om den digitala bilden -- see Pictor
- PURL -- see Persistent URL
- RA -- see Riksarkivet
- Rahvusraamatukogu -- see Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu
- RAÄ -- see Riksantikvarieämbetet
- Previously an independent producer of OCR software, now a Caere
- Russian and East European Studies Internet Resources, at the
University of Pittsburgh, is a part of the World-Wide Web Virtual
- Research Libraries Group
- RLG is a not-for-profit membership corporation of institutions
devoted to improving access to information that supports research and
learning. Also producers of the Ariel software for digital
document delivery, much used for interlibrary loans (Ariel FAQ).
- RLG DigiNews
is a bimonthly web-based newsletter.
- Riksarkivet (RA)
- The Swedish National Archive.
- The Swedish national authority for antiquities.
arkivet (ATA) - arkiv för svensk kulturminnesvård och antikvarisk
- Kungl. Vitterhets
Historie och Antikvitets Akademiens (KVHAA) Bibliotek
tillhandahåller bland annat information om
- RLG -- see Research Libraries Group
- Runeberg -- see Linköping University
- Runverket -- see Riksantikvarieämbetet
- The "All-Nordic Rune Database" project was started in 1993 and
provides software and a database of encoded rune inscriptions with
- SBS -- see Svenska Bibliotekariesamfundet
Electronic Publishing Bibliography
- By Charles W. Bailey, jr. This is a selective bibliography
presenting articles, books, electronic documents, and other
sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic
publishing efforts on the Internet and other networks.
(30 Sept 1997)
- The Scholarly
Electronic Text & Image Service (SETIS)
- This is a free e-text center at University of Sydney Library,
(2 Jan 1997)
- SEPB -- see Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography
- SETIS -- see Scholarly Electronic Text & Image Service
- SGML -- see Standard Generalized Markup Language
- SGU -- see Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning
- Shanghai Library, China
- Digital Library Workgroup
- SICS Digital
- A digital library initiative at the Swedish Institute of Computer
- SIH -- see Statens Institut för Handikappfrågor i Skolan
- SIL -- see Summer Institute of Linguistics
- Skoldatanätet -- see Skolverket
- Swedish government's National agency for education.
- Skoldatanätet, initiated in 1994, the Swedish School Net is a
center of competence in the use of IT in schools, and maintains links
to useful websites.
(1 May 1996)
- SOFI -- see Språk- och folkminnesinstitutet
- The language bank, at the department of Swedish language at
Gothenburg University. Has published some Nordic e-texts and Old Norse
manuscripts in text and images. Also net home to Svenska
- The greatest dictionary ever made over the Swedish language, Svenska Akademiens ordbok
(SAOB), is currently available for free over the Internet.
(8 Oct 1995)
- Språk- och
- The Swedish Institute of Language and Folklore Research is
distributed among a number of Swedish universities, including Lund and
- SSC -- see Swedish Space Corporation
- Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
- Is there a single authoritative reference on this subject?
SGML Open is a non-profit,
international consortium of users and suppliers whose products and
services support SGML and XML.
Erik Naggum's file
archives on SGML at Oslo University.
- Standardiseringsprojekt för landskapsinformation (STANLI)
- A Swedish project for standardization of geographic information,
started in 1990 by ULI (below). Forms subcommittees and produces
- Belägenhetsadresser, Swedish standard, SS 63 70 03
- STANLI -- see Standardiseringsprojekt för landskapsinformation
- Statens Arkiver
- The Danish State Archives, including the national archive
(Rigsarkivet), four regional archives (Landsarkiver), the archive of
commerce (Erhvervsarkivet), and the Danish computer archive (Dansk
Vejledning vedrørende Elektronisk Arkivering - Statens Arkivers
krav til systemerne, Jan 1998 (230 kilobyte PDF)
periodical published by Statens Arkiver
(27 July 1996)
- Statens Institut för
Handikappfrågor i Skolan (SIH)
- The Swedish government's agency for aid to the disabled in school
provides information about how to design your web pages so the
disabled can enjoy them too.
(1 May 1996)
- Summer Institute of
- Headquartered in Dallas, Texas. Creators of the CONC
concordance program for the Macintosh.
- Sundsvalls Bildcentral
- A Swedish service bureau for digitization of photographic images.
- The Swedish Association of University and Research
Librarians arranges workshops and lectures on interesting topics.
- Svensk Bokhandel (SvB)
- Swedish (paper, partly online) magazine for the book business.
sidan by Cecilia Falk
- Lots of useful links for translators and writers (in Swedish).
(3 Jan 1997)
- This Swedish literary society having some 400 members, was
established in 1910 with the purpose to create and publish text
critical editions of classic Swedish literature. Two or three new
editions appear each year. Starting in 1996, some of these are
published on the Internet in cooperation with Språkbanken (above).
(Online since 1997)
- Sveriges Geologiska
- The Geological Survey of Sweden, SGU, is a government agency which
investigates, documents and presents information on the bedrock,
quaternary deposits and groundwater in Sweden.
- SVS -- see Svenska Vitterhetssamfundet
- Swedish Institute of Computer Science -- see SICS
- Listed by Nikos Markowits at IT-kompetens.
(8 Oct 1995)
- Swedish poetry translated
by Darvyn Spagnolly
- Includes samples of Gunnar Ekelöf, Nils Ferlin, Gustaf Fröding,
Erik Johan Stagnelius, Edith Södergran.
(30 Nov 1996)
- Swedish Space Corporation
- Located at Esrange near Kiruna in the very north of Sweden, SSC
launches rockets and collects satellite images. GIR - Geographic Information
- TEI -- see Text Encoding Initiative
- TextBridge -- see Xerox
- Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)
- Is there a single authoritative reference on this subject?
TEI P3 file list compiled by Project
- TGN -- see Getty Information Institute
- Thesaurus of Geographic Names -- see Getty Information Institute
- The Transatlantic Information Exchange (TIES) was started in 1998
as part of the "New Transatlantic Agenda", the outcome of the US-EU Transatlantic
Conference devoted to "Bridging the Atlantic: People-to-People
Links". Especially, "The Transatlantic Digital Library is a project
to link, using TIES, collections of graphic and textual material from
Europe and the United States relating to transatlantic relations and
themes of intrinsic European-American interest."
(11 May 1998)
- Transatlantic Information Exchange -- see TIESNET
- The United Kingdom Boundary Outline and Reference Database for
Education and Research Study (UKBORDERS) is dedicated to providing
digital boundary datasets of the UK, available in many formats
(including proprietary formats), for users to download. Required
login passwords are issued to staff of member institutions.
- List of Related
- The United Kingdom Standard Geographic Base (UKSGB) aims to
provide users and suppliers of geographic information with a standard
and consistent approach to commonly used geographical units in the UK.
- ULI -- see Utvecklingsrådet för landskapsinformation
- UMI: The Answer Company
- UMI (previously known as University Microfilm International) is
going digital big time. The Digital Vault Initiative (DVI) was
announced on 27
June 1998 promising to offer Web access to 5.5 billion pages of
historical documents in digital facsimile format. See also this article by
- Union for the Public
- An American-International non-profit citizens group, aiming to
protect and enhance the public domain in matters concerning
(30 Nov 1996)
- United Kingdom Boundary Outline and Reference Database for
Education and Research Study -- see UKBORDERS
- United Kingdom Standard Geographic Base -- see UKSGB
- United States Patent and
- A source of information about intellectual property rights, such
as copyright and patents, from an American perspective.
(2 Oct 1995)
- Universal Library
- At the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.
Initiated by Raj Reddy (et. al.?). An initial symposium was held in
the spring of 1996.
(3 Mar 1997)
- University of California, Berkeley
- Centered around the "Berkeley SunSite", which runs at the main library on campus,
several digital library activities are going on.
- Ebind defines an
SGML DTD for "binding" digital images of book pages back into a
digital book, by mapping image filenames to pagination.
- The Online Medieval
& Classical Library (OMACL) is a collection of some of the
most important literary works of Classical and Medieval civilization.
Douglas B. Killings is responsible for the project. Among other
things, OMACL has published an English translation of Heimskringla.
(21 Apr 1997)
- The Bancroft Library's California Heritage
Collection includes the Robert B. Honeyman, Jr. Collection
Digital Archiving Project.
(Announced 1 Dec 1998)
- University of Chicago
- The Project forAmerican and French Research on the Treasury of the French
Language (ARTFL) has published a searchable version of the first
volume (1751) of Diderot's
- University of Michigan
- The University of Michigan in
(School of Information,
Digital Library Production
Press) is home to many
- Also in Ann Arbor is JSTOR (above).
- University Microfilm International -- see UMI
- USPTO -- see United States Patent and Trademark Office
- Utvecklingsrådet för
- The Swedish Development Council for Land Information is an
independent non profit making organisation formed in 1986, aiming at
more efficient use of land information. Starter of STANLI (above).
- V, W
- This "Web Library" is a cooperative effort among Iceland's public
libraries, and a good collection of links to things Icelandic.
Vefbókasafnið er samvinnuverkefni almenningsbókasafna á Íslandi með
völdum vefsíðum á íslensku og erlendum málum.
- Verlag Traugott Bautz -- see Bautz
- Virginia Tech
- Courseware in Digital Libraries from the Education Infrastructure
Project at the Department of Computer Science at Virginia
Polytechnical Institute. Web pages maintained by Professor Ed Fox.
- Vitterhetsakademin -- see Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och
- Vitterhetssamfundet -- see Svenska Vitterhetssamfundet
- W3C -- see World Wide Web Consortium
- Wiretap Electronic Text
- "Probably the single useful gopher resource remaining on the
- The World of
- A joint effort by The National Museum of Denmark, The York
Archaeological Trust, and Past Forward Ltd. Provides a wealth of
pointers to Viking resources on the net.
(13 Sep 1995)
- World Wide Web
- Develops common protocols (including file formats HTML and XML)
that promote the evolution of the World Wide Web and ensure its
(Founded in Oct 1994)
- Xerox, The Document
- Producer of scanners, OCR software (TextBridge), and integrated
- XML -- see Extensible Markup Language
Project Runeberg, Thu Dec 20 03:34:57 2012