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209

(1900) [MARC]
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body for sale for unchastity; but practically this prohibition has
been regarded as unwritten, and is now understood to be repealed
in the draught of a new penal law initiated by the government.
In several towns the police have instituted regulation and visitation
duty for the registered prostitutes, in order to prevent the spread
of infections sexual diseases. In Kristiania, however, the police
have not allowed brothels since 1880, and since 1884 have
forbidden those who had lodgings for prostitute women to keep a
public house. In 1887 the Justice Department commanded the
abolition of visitation. There has thus been no regulation
prostitution since that time. It is now the Board of Health who,
in case of the carrying of infection, may order the infected
person to go into a hospital. There is, however, among doctors a
feeling for the re-introduction of regulation prostitution, while
others, especially moral associations, are opposed to it. There is
much difference of opinion as to whether syphilis has increased
or not since the cessation of compulsory visitation.

There is a morality association for the promotion of morality,
with several branches, and connected with associations of a similar
nature at home and abroad.

        

CRIMINAL CONDITIONS.



About 3000 persons are sentenced on an average every year
in Norway, for transgression of the ordinary penal laws of the
country. For the years 1891—1895, the average number per
annum was 3045, 2565 of these being men. and 480 women. In
spite of the growth of the population, the actual number of
criminals during the last 30 years rather shows a decrease than an
increase, and the relative number has therefore diminished
considerably during that period. During the five years 1871—1875,
179 per 100,000 inhabitants (from 1851—1855, as many as 195)
were sentenced, while the corresponding ratio in the years
1881—1885 was 165, and from 1891 to 1895, 151. This diminution of
crime, which is moreover more marked among women than among
men, may be to some extent regarded as a consequence of the
improved education, and may also be ascribed to the changes that
have been made in the course of the last few decades —
especially by the act of the 3rd June, 1874 — with the object of

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