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(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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speechverse; it has four long syllables, sometimes two with
emphasis, and if the verse permits it is followed by some short ones.
The example of § 176 is quite regular without short syllables.

181. The Heroic-poems (dróttvæði) [[** = -k!væði?: dansk ja **]] generally have the
end-rhyme and the syllabic-rhyme. Regular lines, each with
six long syllables, or three spondees, of which the two first
change with dactyls. This is the verse used in most of the
Sagas. It must be observed, that one meets sometimes a
syllable in the oldest verses of this kind, before the chief-letter,
which cannot be looked upon as „málfylling“, but which
belongs to the verse to give it the right lenght, [[** sic!! = th **]] as:
sáttaðu hrafn i hausti
of hræ- solli gjalla
‒ ⏑ ⏑ ‒ ‒ ‒ ‒
‒ ‒ ‒ ‒ ‒ ‒

182. The Songs (rúnhenda) have also regular lines but
they have both syllable and final rhymes. The shortest verse
of four syllables also has sometimes a syllable before the
chief-letter, for the reason given, as:

        vīð hīlmī ēfnd.

Jon Olafsen, who has written a treatise „on the old Icelandic
Poetry“ expresses the same opinion on pag. 68.

A single short syllable is frequently found in the verse.


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