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144

(1920) [MARC] - Tema: Business and Economy, Metals
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144

AVESTA JERNVERKS AKTIEBOLAG

Its communications are by
the South Dalecarlian Railway,
on which Avesta Station is
situated, and the Great
Northern main State line which joins
the South Dalecarlian Railway
two and a half miles from
Avesta at Krylbo Station.
The transport system in the
huge complex of forges and
Siemens-Martin furnaces,
rolling mills and machine-shops
is extremely well arranged
through an extensive
narrow-gauge railway-system. The
loading and unloading places are

through a normal-gauge line in direct connection with Avesta station and also with

each one of the large workshops.

HISTORY.

As an industrial centre Avesta most probably has a history of about six hundred
years and the oldest existing documents regarding the works bear testimony to tfre
fact that kings and the highest dignitaries of the Kingdom have been their owners. We
find, for example, from a "barter" document dated July 29th, 1303, that Torkel
Knutsson, Lord High Steward of Sweden, exchanged "estates on the Norberg Iron-fields
and all our property at Avesta together with the fisheries in the river at that place."

Avesta is mentioned again in an existing document from the fourteenth century,
in a letter of the year 1383 regarding an exchange of property between Bishop Törd of
Strängnäs and the powerful Bo Jonsson Grip, Lord High Chancellor. The latter hereby
became part-owner of Avesta and Avesta Falls. The fact that this exchange took place
with regard to the water-works for the manufacture of iron is specially mentioned
in this document.

It may be quite taken for granted that iron has been manufactured on this spot
during the remainder of the Middle Äges and at the beginning of modern times.

AVESTA AS A COPPER WORKS.

If Avesta is richer than most other works in historical reminiscences, this is chiefly
due to the part played as a copper refinery.

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