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604

(1914) [MARC] Author: Joseph Guinchard
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Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - X. Internal Communications - 1. Railways. By [G. Welin] T. Hamnell

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604

x. internal communications.

The Boiling-stock is of very good quality and quite on a level with
that of other countries. The Swedish passenger-carriages are specially
renowned for their comfort and easy running.

The total number of locomotives amounts to about 2 000, of which number
900 are the property of the State railways, the construction-price of this latter
group of engines amounting to about 49 million kronor. During the last few
years, a great number of locomotives have been made with superheating
arrangement for the steam, according to Schmidt’s system. Specially powerful
locomotives have been acquired for the ore-traffic in Upper Norrland, the largest of
them having five coupled axles and, including the tender, a service-weight of
130 tons. — The fuel used is chiefly English coal, but on the State lines
Swedish coal from Skåne is also used to some extent. On one or two of the
larger private lines, experiments have been for some time carried on with a
device invented by Hj. von Porat, mechanical engineer, for firing locomotives
with peat-powder, a fuel of which large quantities exist in Sweden.

The passenger carriages amount to a total of 3 800, of which number 1 700
belong to the State railways. The cost of construction of these latter amounts
to 28 million kronor. Both on the State-, as well as on most of the private
lines, bogie-carriages are employed, with side-corridors and a through-passage
right along the entire train; these, so far as fittings and technical arrangements
are concerned, are thought to satisfy the most exigent claims. Special
dining-cars are attached to the principal day trains, and there are sleeping carriages
in all the night trains. As a result of the comparatively severe climate, pains
have been taken — and, on the whole, successfully — to warm the
passenger-carriages in a satisfactory manner, and this has been effected by means of steam
from the engine. The lighting on the State railways is effected by means of
oil-gas, according to the Pintsch system, for the production of which special
gasworks are established at several places. A considerable improvement in this
system of illumination has been introduced during the last few years by the
employment of mantles for the burners, whereby the strength of the light is very
essentially increased. A large number of the private lines employ
acetylene-gas for lighting their passenger-carriages. Quite lately it has been found
possible to employ mantles for this system of illumination, too. Automatic vacuum-

341

Photo. John Wallgren, Motala.

A State Railway Express Locomotive.

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