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(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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beginning and when it is doubled, as in: fara, frá, vaff. 2)
like a hard v in all other cases, as: haf, nafn, höfn,
stefni
, as seen in the Ferroe: Navn, Hövn, stevni, stevndi,
stevnt
.

17. Þ [[** NB: Setteren har kursiv Þ og þ, bruker ð både som liten og stor bokstav og har her ingen kursivversjon **]] (th) sounds like the english th in think, thought.
It is only found at the beginning of a word, and is therefore
never doubled. ð [[ok!** burde vel vært Ð, siden det ikke dreier seg om lydskrift **]] (dh) sounds almost like the d in the danish
words: med, Bad, Råd, most like the english th in: bathe,
father
; it is heard more strongly rolling than other Consonants
as in: aðrir, öðlast, feðrum, riðnir, faðmar. It does
not appear at the beginning of words and never doubles, but
it changes indo [[** sic, vel into **]] dd, as: gleð = gladdi, ryð = ruddi.
The Ancients often wrote þ for ð, if the sense expressed its
meaning, but they never wrote d for ð before the 14th Century.

18. k has 1) the hard sound as in the danish kan, 2)
the soft sound (kj) as in kært (14) but never aspirated as in
the Swedish känner; nor has sk the aspirated sound as in the
Swedish skär or in the german word Scheere, but it is pronounced
like the danish skære.

19. g has 1) the hard sound as in går; 2) the soft (gj)
as in the danish Gær (14); 3) an aspirated sound after vowels
or at the end of words or syllables, as the danish g in
Sag, Røg etc. We recognise this from the fact that the Ancients
always wrote in such cases gh, as: lögh, vegh. But it never
sounded like j, not even when followed by i, this is visible in
the old verses, in which otherwise the half-rhyme would have
either been corrupted or vanished altogether, as: Fms. 6, 23. 88.

eig-i gaztu liðskost lág-an …
sýg ek or söltum æg-i


20. h is sounded at the beginning of words, also before
j, v, l, r, n, as: hjarta, hvat, hleð, hríng, hnoða.

21. nn, has a very peculiar hard sound after diphthongs,
like dn, as: steinn (steidn) fránn, kœnn, húnn; but not
if nn is joined to diphthongs as a compound, as: á-nni,
ku-nni,
in such a case and after single vowels nn is
pronounced as usual.

22. ll has a similar hard pronunciation after all vowels
and diphthongs, and sounds like dl, as: kall, áll, ill, fíll,
full, fúll
; but it loses a great deal of its hardness when
followed by t, d, s, as: allt, felldi, fulls.

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