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(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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11. ey, as written, somewhat like öj, on northern
monuments (Mindesmærker) it was often written øy, resembling the
german eu. That it was distinguished from ei is partly seen
from the Ferroe in which ey is changed into oj, ei into aj,
but more particularly from the old verses, in which ey with ei
form a half-rhyme as: Fms. 7, 13.

hvern Þeirra kvað hærra
(hjaldr-bliks) en sik miklu
(beið ofmikit eyðir
ángr) makligra at hánga.

12. ei like a broad é, in conjunction with i (or j) the
e loses its open sound and adopts the close one, in which
the sound of j is but little heard, on this account this
diphthong has sometimes been written é (not the german ei).

í and ó (see 4 et 5).

13. œ (ø) like a broad danish ø as pronounced by the
people – i Tø –; the j sound becomes faint and ends
almost with e (as in øje).

In many good and ancient icelandic manuscripts this sound
is blended (foreblandet) with œ, and in the modern icelandic
language œ (oe) has regularly changed into æ (ae); in Ferroe
it has changed into ø, as: sœkja (søkja) ferroe: søkja, søje.

ú and ý (see 6 et 7).

14. The simple vowels, a, ö, o, u are hard e, i, y, soft
after g, k; the diphthongs formed with v are hard, as: á, au,
ó, ú;
those formed with j, are soft; æ, ey, ei, i, œ, y.
f. i. kann, köttr, koma, kunna; also: kál, kaup, kol,
kúga
; but: kenni, kirkja, kyrki; and: kært, keypt,
keipr, kíf, kœli, kýr
.

15. The order of the Consonants is the following:
1) soundless (silent) Consonants:
         Labial letter lingual letter palatal letter
         hard p, f, t, þ, k, h,
         soft b, v, d, ð, g, j;
2) liquids:
         m, n, l, r, s, z.
3) mixed:
         x (z)                 


Of their pronunciation is to be remarked:

16. f has a double sound, namely 1) like f in the

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