- Project Runeberg -  A short practical and easy method of learning the old Norsk tongue or Icelandic language /
8

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
Table of Contents / Innehåll | << Previous | Next >>
  Project Runeberg | Like | Catalog | Recent Changes | Donate | Comments? |   

Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - Part I - Inflection of Words - I. The Noun - Ist. Declension

scanned image

<< prev. page << föreg. sida <<     >> nästa sida >> next page >>


Below is the raw OCR text from the above scanned image. Do you see an error? Proofread the page now!
Här nedan syns maskintolkade texten från faksimilbilden ovan. Ser du något fel? Korrekturläs sidan nu!

This page has been proofread at least once. (diff) (history)
Denna sida har korrekturlästs minst en gång. (skillnad) (historik)

Inflection of Words.


1. The Noun.



41. Nouns are divided into two orders, the open and the
closed; the one is more simple in its inflection, the other more
complex.

The first has but one declension, the second has two.
Each has three genders. The Neuter is the most simple.
Open Order.
42. First Declension.
the eye the sunbeam the tongue
Neuter. Masculine. Feminine.
Sing. Nom. auga, geisli, túnga
        Acc. Dat. Gen. auga, geisla, túngu (o)
Plural Nom. augu (o), geislar, túngur (or),
Acc. augu (o), geisla, túngur (or),
Dat. augum (om), geislum (om), túngum (om),
Gen. augna geisla túngna


43. Nouns, whose chief letter is a, change a into ö
before the terminations in u (31):
hjarta, Plural, D. hjörtum, (the heart)
kappi - - köppum, (the champion)
saga, A. D. G. sögu - sögur, sögum, (the saga)

on the other hand a changes into u in the following syllables,
as: harpari, hörpurum; leikari, leikurum.

44. Some masculine substantives ending in ingi, take a
j in all other cases, as:
höfðíngi, höfðingja, höfðingjar — the captain;
illvirki, illvirkja — the illdoer;
vili, vilja — will.


45. Masculines ending in andi form their plural irregularly,
f. i. búandi, which word is at the same time contracted, as:
Sing. Nom. búandi (the yeoman) bóndi, (e)
Acc. Dat. Gen. búanda bónda,
Plur. Nom. Acc. búendr̓, bœndr̓, bændr̓,
Dat. buöndum, -endum, bóndum, bændum,
Gen. búanda, -enda bónda, bænda.

<< prev. page << föreg. sida <<     >> nästa sida >> next page >>


Project Runeberg, Sun Jul 3 21:57:19 2016 (aronsson) (diff) (history) (download) << Previous Next >>
http://runeberg.org/oldnorsk/0018.html

Valid HTML 4.0! All our files are DRM-free