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35

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - Part I - Inflection of Words - IV. The Verb

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(it has in the 1st person us, but seems originally to have had
the vowel u).

The closed order has two manners of inflection.

1st Cl. the one in which the change of vowel takes place
in the Indicative and Conjunctive of the Imperfect; the Part.
takes the same vowel of the main syllable as the present tense.

2nd Cl. contains the modification of the vowel of the
Imperfect in the Part, with some exceptions.

Each of these two conjugations is subdivided in three
classes according to the modification of the vowel of the
Imperfect. There are therefore altogether 9 Conjugations in which
every regular and irregular verb is included.

122. The following table will show the distinctive feature
of each:
I. Open Order.
1st Form.
Pres. Indic. Imperfect. Sup.
1st Class ek ætla ætlaða ætlat
2nd heyri heyrða heyrt
3rd spyr spurða spurt.
II. Closed Order.
2nd Form.
1st Class ek drep drep drap drepit
2nd ræð ráð rèð raðit
3rd dreg drag dró dregit.
3rd Form.
1st Class ek renn rann Pl. runnum runnit
2nd lít leit litum litið
3rd byð bauð buðum boðit.


123. It must be borne in mind, that the Indicative and
Conjunctive distinguish the Present and Imperfect, the
Imperative is only used in the Present.

The Infinitive and Participle are only single forms, but
they are both declined like nouns.

The Supine is the Participle in n. g.

The Participles end generally in -st, in the oldest
language in sk (an abbreviation of sik).

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