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43

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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The five following have in the Present:
segi at segja sagða segði sagt, to say
þegi - þegja þagða þegði þagat, to be silent
þykki - þykkja þótta þœtti þott, to think
yrki - yrkja orta yrti ort to write verse
yrkta yrkti yrkt to work
sœki - sœkja sótta sœtti sótt, to seek.


142. Some are also irregular in the Present, where they
become monosyll.; and like the Imperfect of the closed order,
they are:
ann at unna unna ynni unt, to grant
man - muna munda myndi munat, to remember
kann - kunna kunna kynni kunnat, to be able
man - mundu munda myndi wanting will, would
mun - munu mundi
skal - skyldu skylda skyldi wanting shall, ought
- skulu
þarf - þurfa þurfta þyrfti þurft, to be needful
á - eiga átta ætti átt, to own
- mega mátta mætti mátt, to be able
kná - knega knátta knætti (knátt),
veit - vita vissa vissi vitað, to know


A regular word unni, unta, ynti, unt must be
distinguished from ann. For kná is also found knai, knáða,
knàð
.

143. The irregularities in the Present consist in these
verbs, that the 1st and 3rd person are alike, the 2nd receives
the termination -t or -st in words in which the principal letter
is t, chiefly in the word veit; the 2nd pers. Plur. receives in
some words -ut or -it, the 3rd pers. Plur. often receives -u (o)
by the ancient, and -a by the modern writers, as:
        Sing. 1. 3. kann skal á veit
2. kant skalt átt veizt
        Plur. 1. kunnum skulum eigum vitum
2. kunnit skulut eigut (i) vitið (að)
3. kunna. skulu. eigu (a). vita (u).


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