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72

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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the Knytlingasaga records the history of Knut the Holy
(1080—1086) and his successors down to 1186.

There are also a great number of Biblical Sagas and Old
Legends extant, which it would be beside our sketch to
dwell upon.

IIIrd The Old Law Statutes.

are of great value to the philologist, as these Old Laws and
Statutes were collected and wrilten down by the northern
Countries in their own various dialects. One of the oldest is the
Icelandic „Grâgâs“ (Greygoose) which name was given to it
by its last editor the Lagman Gudmund Þorgeirsson
(1123—1135). It commenced in 1119 on the basis of the
laws of Ulfliot in the 10th Century, but was only used until
the subjugation by Norway, since which time (1273) the
Hakonarbòk was introduced, which, having being re-edited by
Jon an icelandic Lagman (1280) was called Jònsbòk.

The Icelandic Cannon-law [[** -nn- ??: lov staves canon! **]] (Kristinrettr) dates from the
year 1275.

IVth Science.

Remains of Learning and Science are not wanting in
Iceland, for after the introduction of Christianity, many persons
studied abroad. Grammar, Rhetorics, Astronomy, Chronology,
Physics and Geography were cultivated by them. The study of
Grammar was an especial favourite in which Þorodd became
so great that he received the name Runameistari
(Grammaticus) but the most celebrated work is the



Younger Edda or Prose Edda.

It was first found 1628 by Arngrim Johnson. Three
Codices are extant, two in the Copenhagen and one in the
Upsala Library. It was Snorre who contributed mainly to
the compilation of this prose Edda.

In the 14th Century the Younger Edda consisted of three
parts. The 1st contained the Myths, or the material out of
which the poetic language should be formed. The 2nd
Kenningar, gave the forms of authority, in which the mythic
element should be adopted, and it therefore gives the
Mythology of the Poetic Edda. The 3rd part contains the Skalda,

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