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(1555) [MARC] [MARC] Author: Olaus Magnus
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Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - Liber Nonus. De bellis campestribus - Cap. XIII. De portatilibus bombardis, ac militibus clypeatis - Cap. XIIII. De externis exemplis

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292        DE BELLIS CAMPESTRIB.


De portatilibus bombardis, ac militibus clypeatis


CAP. XIII.


                                        MOS erat frequentior vetusto tempore, quam nunc est militibus
                                        in acie, seu aggressu castrorum & exercituum, quasi
Clypei oblongi.                                         muris aut propugnaculis, vti clypeis oblongis & cuneatis,
                                        vt pro opportunitate, ac necessitate celerrime currendo,
                                        eos contra sagittas fundatque, dextrorsum vel sinistrorsum,
                                        in forti aggressu, vel prudenti fuga objectarent.
                                        Dum autem bombardarum portatilium repertus est vsus,
Tri podes.                                         clypeis his dupla quantitate dimmutis, superadditæ sunt
                                        ligneæ tripodes oblongæ: super quarum elevatiore capite
politis bombardis, omnem hostilem motum, & locum avertere poterant, vel impedire.
Milites clypeati. Isque modus adhuc servatur in campestri planitie saxis carente, & littoralibus
arenis arbusculas, aut frutices non habente. Hique clypeati, & loricati milites,
Styli triangulares & ferrei. cæteris statura proceriores, Vivi aggeres denominantur: quorum opera etiam super
aperta glacie triangularibus stylis pedibus alligatis, aut nudis sotularibus indutis,
præliorum duces præ omnibus vti solent, quemadmodum in annalibus Principum
Steno & Suanto principes Suetiæ. Suetiæ, & Gothiæ plerunque, sed præcipue contra Russos, ac Moschovitas in lacubus
Finlandiæ( belligerantibus antiquo Stenone Sture, & Suantone ) factum fuisse
reperitur. De quibus, & similibus, extensiora nonnulla in historiis charissimi fratris,
& antecessoris mei, omnibus exhibentur.

De externis exemplis.

CAP. XIIII.

Catheiæ.                                         HÆC scuta, seu clypeos, antiquitas Catheias appellavit,
                                        vt Virg. lib. VII. in his carminibus apertius attestatur:
                                        Teutonico ritu soliti torquere catheias.
                                        Sidonius etiam Apollinaris lib. XX. de eisdem catheis loquitur:
                                        Quondam fracte subis Cimber, gladiisque gravatus,
                                        Ante manus solas jusse portare catheias.
Lignum tiliæ.                                         Quæ scuta prælonga sunt, pene totam corporis inferioris
                                        partem tegentia, ligno tiliæ, aut betulæ contusis, bituminatisque
                                        nervis diligenter compacta. Præterea obtinuit mos antiquus conficiendorum
scutorum, vt alii extremi orbis populi e juba, seu humerali duritie piscium
Materia scutorum. rotunda conficerent scuta, alii ex vrorum, aut taurorum coriis, alii certarum arborum,
crispatis radicibus, alii ferreis laminis in vmbilico cuneatis: variisque coloribus
hæc dislinguerent, rubeo, glauco, nigro, & candidos. Sed hujus, scilicet candidi
Cautela coloris albi. coloris, rarissimus vsus est, ne hostes præviso signo albo, celerius propererent, & cautius
agant, vel fugam simulent, vt crudeliores revertantur, veluti sunt viciniores inimici
Mulieres Cimbriæ. Russi, Livoni, Moschi. Sed nec omittendum hic est, familiare. fuisse Cimbrorum
mulieribus, e capitis earum crinibus scuta, ac tela imbuere: quem vsum
validissimum Vegetius, Frontinus, aliique tenuerunt: hocque casu Maximinus Cæsar
vtroque parente Gothus, fertur fœminarum crines telis adhibuisse, vt Iulio Capitolino.


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