- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
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(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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defamatory, he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred
roubles.[1]

Presence at office.

Russian Consular Officers must, as far as possible, perform their
duties themselves and leave to their auxiliary employees only such
work as is of a purely mechanical nature. Among Consular Officers
there are some who are merely figureheads, and who have no idea
whatever of their Consular business. They do not even wish to apply
their energies to their duties, and leave all the work of the Consulate
to be done by clerks. So, the public applying to the Consulate never
have a chance of seeing the Consul, and are simply directed to apply
to his clerks. This order of things is nearly always most injurious
to the country the Consul represents. It need hardly be said that
the clerk, who bears no responsibility himself, has far less interest
in satisfying the people applying to the Consulate, than the Consular
Officer himself. The Consul has been elected for the very purpose
of taking care of the interests of the country he represents. It is
assumed that he will make himself thoroughly conversant with his
duties, apply all his energies, and so become an authority on the
work which is entrusted to him. And, without personal experience,
he cannot attain to this.

It is the duty of Russian Consular Officers to perform their duties
so that they may satisfy the greatest number of Russian subjects
with whom they have to deal.

Correspondence.

The correspondence of Consular Officers with officials and private
persons must be carried out with promptness and without delay,
using note-paper with official heading. But the note-paper must
not mention any business capacity or personal attainment of the
Consular Officer.

Generally speaking, Consular Officers must hold apart their official
capacity from their private occupation, as otherwise the dignity
of the Office may suffer. It is specially desirable that the Consular
office should not serve the purposes of advertising private character.

Publications.

How far Russian Consular Officers are allowed to contribute to
periodicals or to edit separate books, is a question which must be
dealt with in accordance with Art. 727 of the Civil Service Regulations,[2]
according to which Russian State employees (not Elective Consuls)
are forbidden to issue books which contain anything that has a bearing
on the Foreign or Home relations of the Russian Empire, without
the permission of their chiefs. It appears, therefore, that Russian
Consular Officers may not collaborate with the Press or issue separate
books which refer directly or indirectly to questions of politics or of
the Russian State service. If special permission has been requested
and granted by those Officers who hold superior rank to the authors,
then the work may be published, and it makes no difference whether
these articles or books appear under the signature of the author,
or anonymously, or under an assumed name. When such articles
or books are to be published abroad, consent for doing so must be
obtained from the chief of the local Diplomatic Mission, and for articles
and books to appear in Russia, the consent of the Ministry of Foreign

[1] Code of Criminal Laws, Art. 268.
[2] Svod Zakonov, Vol. III., Edition 1896.

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