- Project Runeberg -  A short practical and easy method of learning the old Norsk tongue or Icelandic language /

(1869) [MARC] Author: Rasmus Rask
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Full resolution (JPEG) - On this page / på denna sida - Part I - Inflection of Words - The Comparison of Adjectives - III. Pronouns

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[[** tabell forts. fra forrige side **]]
(of) efra efst highest
(niðr̓) neðra neðst nethermost
(for) fyrra fyrst first
(síð) siðara siðast latest
(heldr̓) heldra helzt ratherest
(áðr̓) æðra æðst erst
(fjarri) (firr) first farthest
(ná-) (nær, nærr) næst nearest

Fremra and siðara, have a regular positive, with different

        framt, framr̓, fröm, excellent, valiant (poetically);

        sítt, síðr̓, síð, shallow, flat.

104. Adjectives which have no positive, receive no
comparisons, as allt (96) and those ending in -i, or -a (97) as
well as the Pres. part. pass. in -andi. But these words can
yet be increased or decreased by means of the adverbs:

        meir, mest, or heldr̓, helzt, or: minnr̓ (miðr̓),
minnst (minzt), siðr̓, sizt

III. Pronouns.

105. The first two personal pronouns have a dual, which
is commonly used as the plural, whilst the old pl. only occurs
in the high style.
Sing. 1. Person 2. Person 3. Person
Nom.         ek (eg)         þu         —
Acc.         mik (mig)         þik (þig)         sik (sig)
Dat.         mer         þer         ser
Gen.         mín         þín         sín
Dual Plural Dual Plural Plural
Nom. vit (við) ver þit þer
Acc. okkr̓ oss ykkr̓ yðr̓ sik (sig)
Dat. okkr̓ oss ykkr̓ yðr̓ ser
Gen. okkar vâr; ykkar yðvar sín

The third person has neither Neuter nor Plural which are
replaced by the defin. pron. þat, sá, sú, which is thus declined:
Nom. hann hon (hún)
Acc. hann hana
Dat. hânum (om) henni
Gen. hans hennar

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