- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /
190

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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igo IMMIGRATION & EXPULSION OF ALIENS. P. v., Сн. xvi-

the United Kingdom, the master of the ship in which he has been
brought to the United Kingdom, and also the master of any ship
belonging to the same owner, shall be liable to pay to the Secretary
of State as a debt due to the Crown any sums paid by the Secretary
of State on behalf of the expulsion of the alien, and shall, if required
by the Secretary of State, receive the alien and his dependants (if any)
on board his ship, and afford them, free of charge, a passage to the
port of embarkation with proper accommodation and maintenance
during the voyage.

Exceptions to these rules are provided to the effect that leave to
land in the United Kingdom is not withheld on the grounds merely of
want of means :—

1. To immigrants seeking admission on religious or political
grounds.

Or because of an offence of a political character, or persecution
involving danger of imprisonment, or danger to life or limb on account
of religious belief.

2. To immigrants born in the United Kingdom, their father being
a British subject.

3. Leave to land is not withheld to immigrants who immediately
after a period of residence in the United Kingdom of not less than
six months have taken their tickets in the United Kingdom and
embarked direct therefrom for some other country—then, being
refused admission in that country, again return direct to the United
Kingdom.

The following punishments are provided in the Aliens Act:—

1. Immigrants—who have disembarked conditionally, or against
whom an expulsion order has been made, or against whom a court
certificate has been granted with a view to making an expulsion order
—shall be kept in custody in order to prevent them from infringing
the provisions of the Aliens Act.

2. If any master of a ship fails to furnish the particulars required
with respect to aliens, or makes a false return, or fails to give a passage
to an alien or his dependants against whom an expulsion order has
been issued, he shall be guilty of an offence under the Aliens Act.
And if any alien refuses to give the information required, or gives
any false information, he shall be liable 011 summary conviction to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months with hard labour.

3. Any master of a ship guilty of an offence under the Aliens Act
is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding one hundred
pounds. And any immigrant for such an offence is deemed a rogue
and a vagabond and dealt with as an offender under Section 4 of the
Vagrancy Act, 1824.

In 1915 the power of the Government to expel undesirable aliens
was increased by the Aliens Restriction Act. Under Art. 12 (i.) of
that Act the Secretary of State has power to order the deportation of
any alien. Presumably, if thought desirable, the deportation of
deserters to Russia could be ordered under this article. This

§166.

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