- Project Runeberg -  A practical guide for Russian consular officers and all persons having relations with Russia /

(1916) Author: Alfons Heyking - Tema: Russia
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CHAPTER IV.—Duties of Sailors.

The duties of sailors towards the captain are as follows : (i) to remain
on board the vessel from the moment they sign the articles till they
formally receive their discharge, and during the whole period of the
voyage, and not on any account to leave her without the knowledge
and consent of the captain. (2) To obey the captain in all that
relates to their duties or work. (3) To make themselves acquainted
with their duties and to execute promptly and accurately all orders
proceeding from the captain and relating to their duties or behaviour.1
Every member of the crew is further obliged, under the terms of
the agreement signed by him, to obey the captain and other officers
of the ship so long as that agreement is in force, whether at sea or
on land, on board the vessel or in the ship’s boats, in all that relates
to their duties as members of the crew and with regard to the
safeguarding or preservation of the vessel, its appurtenances and cargo.
The crew must be sober, industrious, willing and careful.2

In case of danger to the ship or cargo, every member of the crew
must do his utmost to avert the danger. If, however, in spite of all
efforts to save them, part of the ship or cargo is destroyed, either
by lire or otherwise, every endeavour must be made to save the

Every member of the crew, if ordered to do so by a superior officer,
must work at the pumps and otherwise help to bale water out of the
vessel, being liable, in default of so doing, to have a deduction made
from the wages due to him of a sum proportionate to any damage or
injury that may result to the ship or cargo.4

Members of ships’ crews are forbidden to enter the holds of the
vessels with lighted candles or other unprotected lights without the
express order of the master, mate or boatswain ; these latter, on the
other hand, should not send men into the holds with such lights
without special necessity, and only in cases of extreme need, and, when
doing so, as also when having the cabins and crew-spaces lighted,
they must observe the most stringent precautions.5

Members of a ship’s crew must take their watches in turn and as
instructed by the captain.6

If, when the cargo is being loaded or discharged from the vessel
into a lighter or barge for transport to another landing stage, any
one of the members of a ship’s crew be ordered by the captain to
go on board such lighter or barge and to keep guard over the goods
therein, he is obliged to obey the order promptly and thoroughly,
receiving a remuneration of 30 copecks for every such commission
and being held responsible for any damage or loss which may result
through his carelessness or inattention.7

An efficient seaman must be able to reef and bend a sail, to fix
a topmast and brace a yard, to splice a rope and fix a stay, to tell
the points of the compass, to cast the lead and to mend sails.8

1 Trade Reg., Art. 259. 2 Ibid., Art. 261. 3 Ibid., Art. 262.

4 Ibid., Art. 263. 5 Ibid., Art. 264. 6 Ibid., Art. 266.

7 Ibid., Art. 267. 8 Ibid., Art. 269.



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