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Denis Diderot

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Diderot, Denis (1713-1784), philosopher, writer, lexicographer, France.

Denis Diderot, editor of the great French Encyclopédie, born 1713 in Langres, died 31 July 1784 in Paris.

1713 born in Langres
1723 enters Jesuit school in Langres
1728--1729 moves to Paris, enters Harcourt college
1732 exam from Harcourt, enters the Sorbonne
1733 works at a lawyer's office
1734--1746 various jobs
1736 his father stops supporting him
1742 meets Rousseau, d'Alembert, and Condillac
1743 marries Anne-Toinette Champion
1747 meets Le Breton, is contracted as editor of the Encyclopédie
1749 sent to jail for Lettre sur les aveugles
1750 meets Grimm
1751--1759 the first 7 volumes of the Encyclopédie are published
1751 meets Holbach
1752 the Encyclopédie is banned by the king, editorial work stops for three months
1753 Diderot's daughter Angélique is born (later madame de Vandeull)
1757 d'Alembert's article on Geneva is published, causing much reaction, Rousseau abandons the Encyclopédie
1759 the Encyclopédie is permanently banned, d'Alembert leaves the editorial office
1762 the first volume of illustration plates to the Encyclopédie are published, as the ban allows illustrations to be published. Editorial work on the text volumes continues in secret
1765 the entire Encyclopédie, volumes 1--17, is published, allegedly from Switzerland, without the permission of the French king
1772 the Encyclopédie is finished
1773 travels to Russia
1784 died on July, 31st

Links

Works

For the Encyclopédie, see the timeline above.

Robert James, A Medicinal Dictionary
translated to French by Diderot in 1746
Pensées philosophiques, 1746
banned by the Paris parliament
Promenade du sceptique, 1747
Les bijoux indiscrets, 1748
Mémoires sur différens sujets de mathématiques, 1748
herein Projet d'un nouvel orgue, a design for a new musical organ
Lettre sur les aveugles, 1749
the author is jailed in Vincennes from August to November
Letre sur les sourds et muets, 1751
Apologie de l'abbé de Prades, 1752
Pensées sur l'interprétation de la nature, 1754
Le Fils naturel, 1757
herein Entretien
Le Père de famille, 1758
Swedish translation Herr Orbesson och hans familj, 1807
Discours sur la poésie dramatique, 1758
Salon, 1759
Diderot's review of the biennial art exhibition in Paris, published in Grimm's Correspondance Littéraire, a newsletter with very limited circulation
The Salon 1759 was published in 1845
Salon, 1761
published 1819
Éloge de Richardson, 1761
Salon, 1763
published 1857
Salon, 1765
published 1795
Essais sur la peinture, 1766
written 1766, (re- or first ?) published 1795
Swedish translation by Yvonne Sandberg, Essäer om måleriet, 1971
Salon, 1767--1768
published 1798
Le Rêve de d'Alembert, 1769
Paradoxe sur le comédien, 1769
Swedish translation by Teddy Brunius, Skådespelaren och hans roll, 1963
Salon, 1769
published 1857
Deux amies de Bourbonne, 1770
Apologie de l'abbé Galiani
(re- or first?) published in 1954
Salon, 1771
published 1857
Mme de la Carlière, 1772
Ceci n'est pas un coste, 1772
Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville
Bougainville, the first Frenchman to journey around the world, had published Voyage de Bougainville the previous year
Entretien d'un père avec ses enfants, 1773
written 1770, published 1773
Regrets sur ma vieille robe de chambre, 1773
Principes de politique des souverains, 1774
Observations sur le Nakaz, 1774
(re- or first?) published in 1920
Salon, 1775
Plan d'une université, 1775
(re- or first ?) published in 1875
Pensées détachées sur la peinture, 1775
written 1775, not published
Entretien d'un philosophe avec la maréchale de ***, 1777
written 1774, published 1777
Swedish translation by Ellen Key, Samtal mellan en filosof och en marskalkinna, 1898
Histoire des deux Indes, 1777
contributions by Diderot
Essai sur Sénèque, 1778
second version in 1780
Essai sur les règnes de Claude et de Neron, 1780
this is the second version of the essay on Seneca
Lettre apologétique de l'abbé Raynal à M. Grimm, 1781
(re- or first?) published in 1951
Salon, 1781
published 1857
Est-il bon? Est-il mérchant? 1782--1783
Principes philosophiques sur la matière et le mouvement, 1791
written in 1771, first published 1791
Jacques le fataliste, 1796
Diderot started to work on this story in 1771, completed it in 1778, edited the final version in 1782--1783. The book was first published in 1796.
Swedish translation by David Sprengel, Jakob fatalisten, 1925
La Religieuse, 1796
Diderot started to work on this story in 1760. In 1780 he handed a version of the manuscript to Meister who included it in the secret newsletter Correspondance littéraire, where he had succeeded Grimm as editor. Diderot edited the final version of the manuscript in 1782--1783, and the book was first published in 1796. It has since appeared in more than 70 editions.
Swedish translation by David Sprengel, Nunnan, 1925
Le Neveu de Rameau, 1821
Diderot started to work on this story in 1762 and edited the final version of the manuscript in 1782--1783. Goethe and Schiller had acquired a copy of the manuscript, and the first publication was a German translation by Goethe in 1804. The first French edition was printed in 1821, but Diderot's original manuscript was found only in 1890 and printed in 1891 and 1963.
Swedish translation, Rameaus brorson, 1825
Swedish translation by Jan Stolpe, Rameaus brorson, 1992
Sur la liberté de la presse, 1861
Réfutation d'Helvétius, 1875
Élements de physiologie, 1875
Mémoires de Catherine II, 1899
J. Viktor Johansson, Études sur Denis Diderot, 1927
PhD dissertation
Herbert Dieckmann, Stand und Problemen der Diderot-Forschung. Ein Beitrag zur Diderot-Kritik, 1931
Jean Thomas, L'humanisme de Diderot, 1932
contains a bibliographic overview
Page contre un tyran, 1937
Herbert Dieckmann, Bibliographical data on Diderot, 1942
published in Washington University studies on language and literature, pages 181--220
Diderot Studies, periodical, 1949--
Jacques Chouillet, L'information littéraire 1978--79, issue 3, May--June 1979
Jacques Chouillet, Anne-Marie Chouillet, Dix-huitième siècle, issue 12, 1980
...
Swedish translation by Olof Nordberg, Brev till Sophie Volland, 1988

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