Project Runeberg Timeline
The timeline follows below this graph and table.
The graph above and annual summary progress report in numbers below
were first compiled and presented in 2010. Click the years for SVG
graphs for each year.
|| 88,700|| +48,042
||148,141|| +59,441|| 92,904||
||144,737|| || 13,797|| |
||342,901|| +90,273|| 76,041||+24,316|
||368,241|| +25,340|| 95,456||+19,415|
|| || || ||
|| || || || |
- 4 January 2021 - Call for digitization in Sweden
- Leaders of five Swedish heritage institutions, among them the
national archivist and national librarian, in an opinion article in
newspaper Dagens Nyheter demand that Sweden should digitize its
cultural heritage content.
Internet Archive copy)
(In any normal country, this should be their job and taxpayers would
start to ask why they aren't doing it. The one that takes the
initiative would be promoted and the others would be replaced. But in
Sweden they talk to each other, ensuring that nobody is doing too
much on their own, and together they write an opinion article.
Compare the declaration on 28 January 2020, below, which is also a
joint statement without any visible action.)
- December 2020 - Ellen
- Our old server
Mirabell (webserver 2008-2013, backup 2013-2020) is finally
retired and replaced by
Ellen, a virtual computer in the cloud. Also, on December 19,
server Stella moves to the new computer room.
- October 2020 - DHN 2020
- At the October 2020 (postponed from March 2020 by the coronavirus
pandemic) conference in Riga on
Digital Humanities in the
Nordic Countries, a team from Gothenburg presents a report on
"Supervised OCR Post-Correction"
(report, 14 pages,
PDF, written in November 2019), which makes use of proofread texts
from Project Runeberg.
- 8 October 2020 - OCR statistics
- Due to old and inaccurate cached-status.txt files, the
reported number of pages with OCR text was understated by circa
80,000. When these files were removed, forcing a recount, it appears
as if the count suddenly jumped from 2.68 million to 2.76 million,
reducing the number of pages lacking OCR from 0.40 to 0.32 million.
Other page counts (total, indexed, proofread) did not change.
- August 2020 - Allkunne
- Allkunne was launched in 2009 as the first encyclopedia
ever in Nynorsk (apart from Nynorsk Wikipedia), the second language of
Norway. On 22 August 2020 it was
that it becomes a part of Store Norske Leksikon, which since
2014 has a sustainable non-commercial model for funding from
universities and charitable foundations.
- July 2020 - KB-BERT
- A paper on Making
a Swedish BERT (5 pages, PDF) is presented in ArXiv by a team from
the Royal Library.
- 4 June 2020 - 3,000,000 pages in facsimile
- 25 May 2020 - Lex.dk
- Danish encyclopedic website lex.dk
is launched, presenting the content from Den Store Danske, Dansk
Biografisk Leksikon, Trap Danmark and several other classic Danish
reference works, open-for-all and non-commercially, following the
Norwegian model of snl.no. The site
belongs to a non-profit organization, Foreningen Lex.dk, formed by
Danish universities and publishers.
Press release in Danish.
- 19 February 2020 - 1.2 million indexed pages
- Compare 7 November 2017 (1.0 M) and 31 May 2012 (0.5 M).
- 28 January 2020 - Declaration of intention - Sweden
a press release
(Internet Archive copy), the Royal Library in Stockholm and five
Swedish university libraries (Göteborg, Lund, Stockholm, Umeå,
Uppsala) declare their intention to digitize all Swedish imprints from
the beginning in the 15th century. They have no budget and no time
schedule, but they have appointed a coordination committee with the
power to appoint working groups for specific subprojects.
- As a follow-up, Stockholm University Library in
a podcast on March 9, 2020
(Internet Archive copy,
Soundcloud via Internet Archive) talks about the digitization of
old dissertations that started in 2011, how that became controversial
and how the library reacted to that.
- 19 November 2019 - Broken links to kb.dk
- Denmark's Royal library changes its online catalog (from rex.kb.dk
to soeg.kb.dk) and all library records get new identifiers, breaking
349 outgoing links from our website (Metadata fields IMAGE_SOURCE and
MARC). With time we need to manually update these links.
- March 2019 - DHN 2019
- At the March 2019 conference in Copenhagen on
Digital Humanities in the
Nordic Countries, a project for an "enhanced OCR process"
(report, 12 pages,
PDF) is presented by a team from Sweden's Royal Library
(funding in 2018). What they have done is to postprocess the OCR
output from existing software.
- At the same conference, a paper on "Open Source Tesseract in
Re-OCR of Finnish Fraktur" is presented by a team from the national
library of Finland (report, 13 pages, PDF).
- 25 January 2019 - Statistics on characters and words
- The proofreading tool's "Stats" button for statistics on character
and word occurrences (see January 2013) has been modified to cover an
entire volume (a whole book) if you specify src=.../ without any page
number after the slash. What happens is that you get the text from all
pages in the book (which might be megabytes) in the text area and a
simplified form that only has the "Stats" button. So far there are no
links to this function, you have to know it and manually alter the
URL. It might be useful to those who know that it exists. (Copying
megabytes of text to a form and then submitting it back to the server
is not the most efficient way to produce these reports. Just a few
years ago, it would have seemed unrealistic. But it works fine and it
was the quickest way to implement it.)
- 15 January 2019 - SMoK
- Most Swedish historians and librarians know the abbreviation SMoK
for Svenska män och kvinnor (Swedish Men
and Women), an 8-volume biographic dictionary published in the 1940s.
We have started to digitize the first four volumes, which are now more
than 70 years old.
- 10 December 2018 - Dictionary search
- A new search function has been developed for dictionaries, based
on their tables of content. The search doesn't find a word that is in
a dictionary, but suggests a page where the user can start to look for
it. A search box is found at the top of the Tema Dictionaries page. All search functionality was converted to
- November 2018 - Dramawebben
- Dramawebben becomes
a part of
- 11 September 2018 - Lagen.nu
- The website lagen.nu, presenting
the full text of Swedish laws, is relaunched (as tested since November
2017, vad är nytt?)
and now also contains many documents that were important in writing
the laws, such as 5769 official government reports (Statens offentliga
utredningar, SOU), some of which are also available
from us. This is based on PDFs scanned by the Royal Library, but
with new OCR.
- March 2018 - DHN 2018
- At the March 2018 conference in Helsinki on
Digital Humanities in the
Nordic Countries, "Creating and Using Ground Truth OCR Sample Data
for Finnish Historical Newspapers and Journals"
pages, PDF) is presented by a team from the national library of
- 2 March 2018 - Riksdagstryck
- The Swedish parliament (Riksdagen) announces that it has digitized
3 million pages of its documents from 450 years (1520-1970) in
cooperation with the Royal (national) library,
- February 2018 - Svenskt porträttarkiv
- A formal membership association is formed to support the project
Svenskt porträttarkiv (Swedish portrait archive), started as an
informal Facebook group by Omar Henriksson a few years earlier. The
archive contains over 500,000 portraits of historic Swedes found in
various books. Some articles in Swedish:
April 2017 (podcast),
- 1 February 2018 - Bokhylla
- The Norwegian national library (Nasjonalbiblioteket) announces
that it has now digitized all Norwegian literature up to the year
2000, some 250,000 volumes (but not including all journals). Older,
out-of-copyright works are freely available to the whole world and
more recent works are freely available to users with Norwegian IP
addresses through an agreement with copyright organizations. The
project started in 2009.
- 7 November 2017 - 1,000,000 pages indexed
- Tables of content (indexes) now cover one million or 40 percent of
our 2.5 million scanned pages. For the other 60 percent you need to
flip pages or use full text search.
- 10 July 2017 - 2,500,000 pages in facsimile
- 3 January 2017 - 2,000,000 pages with OCR text
- Most of our scanned pages have OCR text, making full text search
possible. But there is a gap of some 380,000 pages.
- May 2016 - Front Page
- October 2015 - Front Page
- October 2015 - Detect alphabet clashes
- The "Stats" button in proofreading (see January 2013) detects
clashes between Latin and Cyrillic letters in the same word and shows
them in boldface. This is an essential function for proofreading
Swedish-Russian dictionaries. Cyrillic А looks like Latin A, but they
are two different characters. If you search for one, you might not
find the other.
- 29 June 2015 - 2,000,000 pages in facsimile
- June 2015 - Wikipedia drops HTTP
- Since 2011, Wikipedia can be accessed through both unencrypted
http:// and encrypted https:// URLs, but in June 2015, the unencryted
HTTP is dropped. (Project Runeberg only uses HTTP.)
- 12 February 2015 - 300,000 proofread pages
- Proofreading proceeds with slightly more than 20,000 pages per
- 4 March 2014 - 5,000 volumes
- The Finland-Swedish childrens magazine Nya Trollsländan for 1888 is the 5000th volume uploaded to
- February 2014 - Front Page
- January 2014 - Front Page
- 3 January 2014 - 1,500,000 pages in facsimile
- With Förslag till Enhet och
Medborgerlighet i de allmänna Undervisnings-Verken (1823) by
Anders Fryxell, we go beyond 1.5 million scanned pages. On the day
Facebook page reaches 2,500 fans.
- December 2013 - Front Page
- 1 August 2013 - IPv6
- From now, our website is also available by IPv6, Internet Protocol
version 6. Initially only 0.5 percent of all web requests use IPv6
and the rest use the traditional IPv4.
- 29 May 2013 - Stella
- Our website moves from the old server Mirabell (bought in January
2008, in service since October 2008) to the new server Stella (bought
in August 2011).
- January 2013 - Front Page
- January 2013 - Word statistics in proofreading
- A "Stats" button is added to the proofreading tool, showing
statistics on character, tag and word counts in the current page.
- December 2012 - Front Page
- 17 December 2012 - Unicode conversion
- This video (Ogg
Vorbis format, 1366×768 pixels, 8 minutes, 35 megabytes) explains in
Swedish how the texts we scanned before 2005 are being converted from
ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) to UTF-8 (Unicode). Together they constitute one
fifth of our collection, or 200,000 scanned pages out of one million.
- This text in Swedish is the official account of the conversion to
the funding organization, the Royal Library in Stockholm:
Projekt Runebergs konvertering till
- 22 November 2012 - 1,000,000 pages in facsimile
- This page from volume 4 of
the collected works of August Blanche was the one millionth page in
our collection, scanned by Peter.
- 20 November 2012 - 250,000 proofread pages
- At the end of the day, we had 250,061 proofread pages, which is a
little more than one quarter of our entire collection. It seems the
very 250,000th page to be proofread, by Ralph just after noon, was
page 9 of Minnen av och om Emil
Key, an autobiography in Swedish first published in 1916.
- August 2012 - Front Page
- June 2012 - Front Page
- May 2012 - Front Page
- 31 May 2012 - 500,000 indexed pages
- At the end of the day, we had 500,223 indexed pages, which is a
little more than half of our entire collection.
- April 2012 - Front Page
- 13 April 2012 - 750,000 pages in facsimile
- The page "Walfischfinne-Wallöffnung" in the German-Swedish dictionary
(1932) was scanned page No. 750,000 to be presented in facsimile.
- 16 March 2012 - Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (SBL)
- The Swedish biographic dictionary (33 volumes, each 800 pages, a
total of 25,000 articles, covering surnames A-S) is
for free online by the National archive (Riksarkivet). The project
was started in 1917 by a private publisher, who later abandoned it. In
1962 it was transformed into a government agency, in 1998 a CDROM
edition of the first 31 volumes was published for sale (which delayed
the online version), and from 2009 it is part of the National archive.
- December 2011 - Front Page
- November 2011 - Front Page
- October 2011 - Front Page
- September 2011 - Front Page
- 17 July 2011 - iPhone shaped bookmarks (PDF)
- July 2011 - Front Page
- 2 May 2011 - Digitaliseringsflöden
- The opening of
a new blog on
digitization workflows (in Swedish) by five Swedish university
libraries (Göteborg, Lund, Stockholm, Umeå, Uppsala). They are part
of a project funded by the Royal Library, which started with an
invitation for tenders (PDF) for scanning equipment in February
2010. The contract (PDF), signed in May 2010, was won by
Treventus Mechatronics of
Austria. The outcome of the procurement process was
described as successful by IDG in August 2010, with the price of
850,000 SEK (less than 100,000 euro) per scanning robot. In May 2011,
some of the first blog posts indicate a desire to use other equipment
and methods than these robots:
"Även om vårt samarbetsprojekt har sin början i den gemensamma
upphandling vi gjort av digitaliseringsrobot tänker vi oss alla flera
metoder för bildfångst, där roboten är en källa av flera."
- 11 April 2011 - 10,000 proofread pages in Swedish Wikisource
- The Swedish language
branch of Wikisource, the
digitization platform of the Wikimedia Foundation, celebrates ten
thousand proofread pages
(blog post in Swedish), making Swedish the 7th most active
language in Wikisource. 7500 pages were proofread in the last 12
- April 2011 - Front Page
- 28 March 2011 - LUPP
- Final report (PDF, in Swedish) from a joint digitization project
at Linköping public library and Uppsala university
library, funded by the Royal Library. A total of 2000 pages were
digitized. The report discusses how small libraries can participate in
digitization. One book that was digitized here, containing 200 pages,
was independently proofread in Wikisource: Jacob Philip Tollstorp,
Beskrifning öfver Linköping (1834).
- December 2010 - Progress report
- Our annual production statistics are first presented, later moved
to the top of this page.
- November 2010 - Front Page
- January 2010 - Front Page
- December 2009 - Progress report
At the end of 2009, Project Runeberg contains 581,000 scanned
pages. As can be seen from the diagram (click for a larger version), we scanned 100,000 pages per year
until the end of 2005, when we reached 400,000. After that, we have
done half speed. We really should index, OCR and proofread each page,
but these tasks are lagging behind. Proofreading has been going at a
very steady rate of 25,000 pages per year, and is now at 176,000.
- September 2009 - Front Page
- 15 September 2009 - Google-avtalet / Google book search settlement
- Asked by local newspaper Östgöta Correspondenten (Linköping,
Sweden) to comment on the proposed settlement in the class action suit
against Google Book Search, Project Runeberg's founder Lars Aronsson
says it's about time that somebody starts to scan literature on a
large scale, and that a copyright law reform is needed.
(Article copied without permission,
just to illustrate the case.)
- August 2009 - Front Page
- July 2009 - Front Page
- May 2009 - Front Page
- September 2008 - Front Page
- 2 February 2008 - Mirabell
- Project Runeberg's server Fatabur (deskside tower) is getting old
and a new one, Mirabell (rack-mounted), is installed in Lysator's
computer room, as shown in this
video (OGG Vorbis, 73 megabytes). More hardware information on our wiki.
- September 2007 - Front Page
- June 2007 - Front Page
- 25 May 2007 - Munin graphs
- Munin is not only one of Odin's far-seeing ravens from Norse
mythology, but also a free software for system monitoring graphs.
This is now installed on Project Runeberg's server and available on
runeberg.org/admin/munin/. Apart from
the general purpose graphs showing disk, CPU, memory, database and
network performance, there is also one that shows the proofreading
activity per hour from our recent changes log.
- 23 February 2007 - 100,000 proofread pages
- At 7:42 AM local Swedish time, a page in the article on
Livonia in Nordisk familjebok
(2nd edition, volume 16, columns 837-838, printed in 1912) becomes our
100,000th proofread page.
- 14 February 2007 - Scanned by
- Recently Project Runeberg has started to copy scanned images from
the Internet Archive, the University of Michigan, and Google Book
Search. Now a Metadata item is
introduced for specifying the IMAGE_SOURCE and a little icon that
links back to this source together with an acknowledgement is
presented at the end of the "preface to the electronic edition" of
works such as birgitta,
- February 2007 - Front Page
- January 2007 - ISBNs change from 10 to 13 digits. This should have
no effect on Project Runeberg in the next 70 years.
- January 2007 - Front Page
- December 2006 - Front Page
- April 2006 - Front Page
- March 2006 - Front Page
- February 2006 - Front Page
- January 2006 - Front Page
- December 2005 - MARC links
- A little orange
MARC symbol starts to appear near the title of some books and periodicals.
This is a link to a bibliographic record (available in the MARC format)
in the Libris catalog at the Royal Library in Stockholm.
- December 2005 - Front Page
- November 2005 - Front Page
- 18 October 2005 - phosphorism
- A proposed T-shirt design:
- October 2005 - Front Page
- No updates were made May-September this year.
- April 2005 - Front Page
- 24 March 2005 - wdiff
- The "diff" (difference) function available from the
Recent Changes listing is improved.
The new version is based on
version 0.5 (word difference), the output of which is postprocessed to
add colors (red for deleted and
blue for inserted words) and present
statistics in a little table at the top of the page. (The old version
was ugly and hard to read.)
- 22 March 2005 - 300K scanned pages
- The total number of scanned pages reaches 300,000, corresponding
to 15 linear metres of shelving. This happens only days after we
received a new scanner, bought for money from
II-Stiftelsen. A growth prediction
- March 2005 - Front Page
- February 2005 - Front Page
- 17-27 February 2005 - Pieni Tietosanakirja
- This small encyclopedia in four volumes is our first work in the
Finnish language since 1996, and our first ever in the UTF-8 (Unicode)
character set. Since our start in 1992 we have standardized on the
8-bit character set ISO-8859-1 (Latin-1), so this is a big change.
Some other works are also converted to UTF-8, among the early ones are
Musik-Lexikon (March 2) and Salmonsens konversationsleksikon (March
21). We expect to use both character sets side by side in the
- January 2005 - Front Page
- 15 December 2004 - runeberg.org
- All of Project Runeberg's website moves from
www.lysator.liu.se/runeberg/ (our base URL since 1993) to runeberg.org and our own server
- 10 December 2004 - 50K proofed pages
- The total number of fully proofread pages reaches 50,000.
- December 2004 - Front Page
- 30 November 2004 - 250K scanned pages
- The total number of scanned pages reaches 250,000. The very one
is the cover to fascicle 4, 1905
of the Swedish anthropological and geographic journal Ymer.
- 15 November 2004 - new disks
- Four new 200 GB disks are installed in our Fatabur server as a
RAID-5 combination providing 550 GB of extra storage. These disks,
controllers, and backup tapes are purchased for funds raised from
donations during the fall.
- November 2004 - Front Page
- Teknisk tidskrift, Teknisk Ukeblad, Arkiv för nordisk
- 1 November 2004 - money
- II-Stiftelsen, the
foundation that owns the Swedish .SE top level domain, awards Project
Runeberg 150,000 SEK (US$ 21,000), which should be used during 2005
for purchasing equipment, developing the website, and marketing the
project. In 2003 there were 214,000 domains registered under .SE, so
each can be said to have contributed 10 cents. Read more about Project Runeberg's sponsors and (in Swedish)
how we used the money.
- October 2004 - Front Page
- Works by Wilhelm von Braun and Emanuel Swedenborg
- September 2004 - Front Page
- Several journals scanned: Fataburen,
Jernkontorets annaler, Svensk Läraretidning, Ymer; Brehm's
- 27 August 2004 - recorded interview
- Östgöta Taltidning, a Swedish spoken newspaper for the
sight impaired, conducts an interview with Project Runeberg
coordinator Lars Aronsson. Listen
to the interview (MP3, in
Swedish, also in Ogg Theora)
or read the
transcript (also in Swedish).
- August 2004 - Front Page
- Henrik Ibsens Samlede Værker;
fundraising for new disks
- July 2004 - Front Page
- 22 June 2004 - 200,000 pages
- Project Runeberg's digital facsimile editions now comprise 200,000
pages from books and magazines, corresponding to 10 linear meters of
shelving. A press release in Swedish was
sent out to celebrate this.
- June 2004 - Front Page
- Celebrating the 250th anniversary of Anna Maria Lenngren and the
200th of Carl Anton Wetterbergh
- May 2004 - Front Page
- Nordisk illustreret
Havebrugsleksikon; Svensk konst och
svenska konstnärer i nittonde århundradet
- 26 April 2004 - halfways indexing
- The indexing of articles now covers half of all pages in the 38
volumes of the 2nd edition (1904-1926) of Nordisk
familjebok, the classic Swedish encyclopedia
- April 2004 - Front Page
- now 40 (of 55) volumes of Samlade
skrifter av August Strindberg; fundraising starts
- March 2004 - Front Page
- Tidsskrift for Physik og Chemi;
the first 17 (of 55) volumes of Samlade
skrifter av August Strindberg
- February 2004 - Front Page
- Celebrating the 200th anniversary of Johan Ludvig Runeberg
- 21 Jan 2004 - Litteraturbanken
- Radio Sweden airs an interview (in Swedish) with Horace
Engdahl, secretary of the Swedish Academy, about the planned project
"Litteraturbanken" (literature databank) which aims to digitize all
Swedish literature, old and new, produce text critic editions and make
them freely available over the Internet. Listen to the interview (3 megabytes, Real Audio format).
- 16 Jan 2004 - 150 K scanned pages
- Project Runeberg's digital facsimile editions now comprise 150,000
book and magazine pages.
- January 2004 - Front Page
- Six first volumes of Salmonsens
- 3 December 2003 - Fatabur
- Project Runeberg's own server Fatabur is installed in LYSATOR's
computer room and the domain name runeberg.org is pointed to its IP
- December 2003 - Front Page
- First volumes of Hvar 8 dag and
- November 2003 - Front Page
- Dansk biografisk Lexikon, 19 volumes;
Dagligt Liv i Norden, 14 volumes
- October 2003 - Front Page
- More volumes of Svenska Familj-Journalen and many other titles.
- September 2003 - Front Page
- Announcement of the completion of Nordisk familjebok
- August 2003 - Front Page
- July 2003 - Front Page
- 29 June 2003 - 100 K scanned pages
- Project Runeberg's digital facsimile editions now comprise 100,000
book and magazine pages. With roughly 20,000 pages per linear meter
of shelving ("hyllmeter"), this amounts to 5 meters. The e-texts
produced without facsimile images (primarily before 1998) are not
included in this number. Volunteers do the detailed indexing and
proofreading of the facsimile scanned books. Their daily progress are
presented on the pages Recent Changes
and Proofreading status.
- 11 May 2003 - Nordisk familjebok completed
- Facsimile images have been scanned of all volumes (20 + 38) of
Nordisk familjebok. This is a
goal that we have dreamed about the last eight or nine years.
- May 2003 - Front Page
- Starting this month, Project Runeberg's front page contains
sections from the four last months.
- 23 Apr 2003 - Nordisk familjebok
- Sweden's biggest daily newspaper
Dagens Nyheter publishes the article "Ugglan" hoar gratis på nätet about Project Runeberg's effort to
digitize Nordisk familjebok.
After a month of running OCR, 36,000 facsimile pages (more than 200
megabytes of text) of this classic Swedish encyclopedia are now better
exposed to Google and other search engines, leading to more visitors
and media attention. Each volume takes a couple of hours to OCR.
When scanning and OCR are completed, this digital facsimile edition
alone will encompass 44,000 pages. Project Runeberg's other digital
facsimile editions comprise 60,000 pages all together.
Also OCRed in the last month are the five volumes (1865-1869) of
the journal Svensk
- 19 Mar 2003 - OCR
- After upgrading to the optical character recognition software that
everybody recommends, ABBYY FineReader 6.0 Professional, the following texts were made
available in raw text in addition to the existing digital facsimile.
Proofreaders wanted! You can help us proofread directly from your web
browser, no registration required.
- Fredrika Bremer, Charlotte Bremer, Fredrika Bremer. Sjelfbiografiska anteckningar, bref och efterlemnade
- Margaret Howitt (et al), Ett år
hos Fredrika Bremer, 1867
- Ellen Key, Kvinnorörelsen, 1909
- Ellen Key, Tal till Sverges
- Nordisk familjebok. Uggleupplagan.
9. Fruktodling - Gossensass, 1908
- Nordisk familjebok. Uggleupplagan.
10. Gossler - Harris, 1909
- Nordisk familjebok. Uggleupplagan.
21. Papua - Posselt, 1915
- Strindberg, August, Samlade
skrifter. Del 33. Kaspers fet-tisdag. Påsk. Midsommar, 1916
- Gustav Sundbärg, Sveriges land
och folk, 1901
- 6 Feb 2003 - Printable PDF from facsimile images
- A long awaited feature: Facsimile pages can now be downloaded as
PDF for high resolution viewing or printing.
- 3-5 Feb 2003 - Nordisk familjebok
- Four more volumes (11-14, 2nd edition) of the Swedish encyclopedia
Nordisk familjebok are published
in digital facsimile. Project Runeberg has now published a total of
96,000 pages in digital facsimile, of which 37,000 (38 %) are
Nordisk familjebok. Ten volumes of the encyclopedia remain to
be scanned, as does article indexing and OCR.
- 25 Jan 2003 - Frans Michael Franzén
- A new title, Frans Michaël
Franzéns samlade dikter, the collected works in seven volumes
of a Swedish 19th century poet and bishop, made available online in
- 24 Jan 2003 - Fredrika Bremer, Ellen Key
- Four new titles are digitized and made available online in digital
facsimile, pertaining to the two founders of the feminist movement in
- Margaret Howitt, Ett år hos
Fredrika Bremer, svensk översättning, 1867
- Fredrika Bremer. Sjelfbiografiska
anteckningar, bref och efterlemnade skrifter, jemte en
teckning af hennes lefnad och personlighet, utgifne af Charlotte
- Ellen Key, Kvinnorörelsen, 1909
- Ellen Key, Tal till Sverges
- 22 Jan 2003 - Call for discussion on sponsoring
- A letter sent by Lars Aronsson to the
Swedish library mailing list BIBLIST, asking for ideas how Swedish
libraries can help Project Runeberg with funds and improved awareness.
- 17 Dec 2002 - Jeopardy
- What is Project Runeberg? is the correct question at the
600 kronor level in the TV quiz show Jeopardy (Swedish edition).
- 13 Dec 2002 - Project Runeberg ten years old
- Project Runeberg's 10th anneversary is celebrated in Linköping by the
- 29 Oct 2002 - UppLYSning
- As part of Lysator's open evening lectures (uppLYSning),
coordinator Lars Aronsson gives a presentation on Project
Runeberg - ten years of Nordic literature on the Net. Project
Runeberg has now scanned a total of 89,000 facsimile images. More
than one third are from the Swedish encyclopedia Nordisk familjebok where 44 of 58
volumes have been digitized. Linköping University and Lysator have
also okayed our use of the domain name runeberg.org and our 10th anniversary celebrations are planned
for December 13th.
- 19-25 Oct 2002 - Nordisk familjebok
- Six more volumes (15-20, 2nd edition) of the Swedish encyclopedia
Nordisk familjebok are published
in digital facsimile.
- 27 Aug - 4 Oct 2002 - Nordisk familjebok
- Twenty more volumes (19-20, 1st edition, and 21-38, 2nd edition)
of the Swedish encyclopedia Nordisk
familjebok are published in digital facsimile.
- 5 Apr 2002 - Improved proofreading
- The function for online proofreading of electronic facsimile
editions has been improved: Results are now immediately reflected on
the website and there is a page that lists Recent Changes.
- 30 Mar 2002 - 18 volumes Nordisk
- The complete alphabet, 18 volumes of the 1st edition of Swedish
encyclopedia Nordisk familjebok
(1876-1894) is now available in facsimile images. Two supplement
volumes remain, as does OCR, and scanning of the 2nd edition. Project
Runeberg has a total of 50,000 facsimile images, of which these 18
volumes of Nordisk familjebok make up 14,000 pages. The
remaining 2+38 volumes would add another 30,000 pages.
- 29 Mar 2002 - Påsk
- Project Runeberg publishes an electronic facsimile of volume 33 of
August Strindberg's collected works, containing three dramas.
- 28 Mar 2002 - Baron
- Project Runeberg publishes a Swedish translation from 1875.
- 22 Mar 2002 - Front Page
- Easter greetings. Now 13 volumes of Nordisk familjebok are
- 26 Jan 2002 - Kristens resa
- Project Runeberg publishes a Swedish translation of Bunyan's
- 16 January 2002 - Biblisk ordbok
- Biblisk ordbok för hemmet och
skolan, scanned in January 1999, is now fully proofread
- 4 January 2002 - Nordisk familjebok
- The first 10 volumes (of 20) of the 1st edition of Nordisk familjebok are scanned
- 21 Dec 2001 - Front Page
- Classic Christmas greetings.
- 19 Dec 2001 - 5 of 20 volumes Nordisk familjebok
- The first five volumes have been scanned, a total of 3992
facsimile images, of the 19th century 1st edition of Nordisk familjebok, Sweden's biggest
encyclopedia at the time. This is the first major scanning effort in
the last two years. Project Runeberg's electronic facsimile editions
now encompass 40,658 pages in 67 titles.
- 2001 - Front Page
- Not much happened to Project Runeberg in this year of economic
slow-down, terrible terrorist attacks, and general post-millennial,
post-dotcom-death apathy. Still, after all the dust begins to settle,
our brave little project still stands, and the new millennium can
- 19 June 1999 - New titles, 2nd quarter of 1999
- 7,100 new facsimile pages, for a total of 34,700. Note that some
of the new titles are text editions without facsimile images.
- Aftonbladet, 1830, Swedish
- Adlersparre, Carl August, Anteckningar om bortgångne samtida, 1859-1861, Swedish
- Agrell, Johan Joachim, Sonate
Violino Solo, 1734, Swedish
- Andersen, Anton, Danske
Forfatterinder i det nittende Hundredaar, 1896, Danish
- Benedictsson, Victoria, Pengar, Swedish
- Berzelius, Jöns Jacob, De
electricitatis galvanicæ apparatu cel. Volta excitæ in corpora
organica effectu, 1802, Latin
- Berzelius, Jöns Jacob, Nova
analysis aquarum Medeviensium, 1800, Latin
- Franzén, Frans Michael, Minnesanteckningar öfver utmärkte svenske statsmän, hjeltar, lärde,
konstnärer och skalder, 1848-1860, Swedish
- Nyblom, Carl Rupert, En
sjuttioårings minnen, 1908, Swedish
Familj-Journalen, 1869-1885, Swedish
- Winkel Horn, Fr., Den danske
Literaturs Historie fra dens Begyndelse til vore Dage, 1881,
- Åhlström, Olof, Quatre Sonates
pour le Clavecin ou Pianoforte avec l'Accompagnement d'un
Violon, 1784, Swedish
- 10--12 May 1999 - ICCC/IFIP Electronic Publishing 99
- This conference featured a paper on Project Runeberg's Electronic Facsimile Editions of Nordic
- 3 Apr 1999 - New titles, 1st quarter of 1999
- 6,400 new facsimile pages, for a total of 27,600
- Iwar T. Aminoff, Det eröfrade
- Gustaf Cederschiöld, Om
- Gustaf Cederschiöld, Om
svenskan som skriftspråk, 1897
- Christoffer Eichhorn, De
bildande konsternas historia i kort öfversigt, 1881
- Laura Fitinghoff, Barnen ifrån
- Genom världsrymden, 1895
- Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Fänrik
Ståls sägner, illustrerad utgåva, 1886
- Anton Sjögren, Lärobok i
mineralogi för elementar-läroverk och tekniska skolor, 1880
- Erik Thyselius, Karl XV och hans
- Gustaf Timberg, Populär
- Gustav Wied, Mindeudgave, 8 vol., 1920
- Otto Witt, Krigets tekniska
sagor för stora och små, 1915
- Lars Wivallius, Klage-Wijsa Öfwer
Thenna torra och kalla Wååhr, 1642
- 24 Jan 1999 - From
Print Media to the Internet
- In this PhD thesis at Sorbonne, Paris, Marie Lebert mentions
Project Runeberg (section 7.2). Text available in English and
- 21 Jan 1999 - Complex formats
- Announcement of electronic facsimile editions (1,900 new facsimile
pages) of three works of complex format, which Project Runeberg's
editors quite don't know how to represent in HTML:
Biblisk ordbok för hemmet och skolan,
a Biblic dictionary for home and school,
Svensk rikskalender 1908,
an official yearbook, and
a complete year (1869) of a monthly magazine.
- 17 Dec 1998 - Viktor Rydberg
- 17 December front page
- Announcement of the electronic facsimile edition of the collected
works by Viktor Rydberg,
a total of 5,300 pages in 14 volumes. This announcement was made the
day before the 170th anniversary of the author's birth.
- 10 Dec 1998 - Americana
- Announcement of electronic facsimile editions of six books
pertaining to America and Sweden's historic relation to America.
These works are presented in Project Runeberg's Tema
- 7 Dec 1998 - Project Runeberg vs
- Historien om Projekt Runebergs arbete för att göra svenska
lagtexter tillgängliga på Internet, med anledning av en promemoria
från justitiedepartementet. (In Swedish only)
- 5 Dec 1998 - Cost of Electronic
- Some preliminary results of the experiments this fall.
- 3 Dec 1998 - Wilhelm Tham
- Historically interesting statistics in
Beskrifning öfver Örebro
Beskrifning öfver Westerås
Beskrifning öfver Upsala
Beskrifning öfver Stockholms
- 26 Nov 1998 - Zacharias Topelius
- This year is the 180th anniversary of his birth and the 100th of
his death. Project Runeberg presented 5000 pages of text from
Blad ur min tänkebok,
Hertiginnan af Finland,
- 19 Nov 1998 - History of Geography
- Johan Fredrik Nyström, Geografiens och de geografiska upptäckternas historia, 414
- 12 Nov 1998 - Carl Fredrik Dahlgren
- Carl Fredrik Dahlgren, Samlade
skrifter, 1400 pages, 1875
- 5 Nov 1998 - Människan
- Announcement of Wilhelm Leche, Människan. Hennes uppkomst och utveckling, 1909, an
illustrated presentation of the origin and evolution of man.
- 4 Nov 1998 - Web Access Statistics
- Just a few contemporary notes on Web
- 29 Oct 1998 - Sjukmans Musiquen
- Announcement of Johan Hemlich Roman, Sjukmans Musiquen, previously unpublished Swedish 18th
century music in autograph facsimile and typeset music.
- 21 Oct 1998 - SBH
- Announcement of Herman Hofberg, Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon, 2nd ed., 1906. This is a
text image edition with 1400+ pages. A few of the 4,000+ articles are
also presented in text.
- 15 Oct 1998 - Ringlekar, Strindberg, Wikningskommissionen
- Project Runeberg reintroduces three existing text image (online
facsimile) editions in a more readable format. They are Ringlekar på Skansen (folk songs
with music), August Strindberg, Svenska öden och äfventyr, and Carl Henrik Wallberg, En kort historik öfver
Wikningskommissionens tillkomst och utveckling.
- 7 Oct 1998 - Leijonmarck
- Announcement of the publishing of Fredrik Leijonmarck, Jämförelse Emellan
The Ställen af thet Nya Testamentet .... This electronic
edition is interesting not primarily because of its contents, but
because of its use of imaging technology.
- 1 Oct 1998 - Grundtvig, Palladius
- Announcement of the publishing of two editions in Danish:
N.F.S. Grundtvig, Salmer i
utvalg, and Peder Palladius, En
- 24 Sep 1998 - Hertha
- Announcement of the publishing of pioneer feminist novel Hertha by Fredrika Bremer.
- Aug 1998 - E-pliktutredningen
- A Swedish governmental report on legal deposit of electronic
(online) documents, E-plikt - att säkra det elektroniska
kulturarvet (SOU 1998:111) suggests to permanent the ongoing experiments to
harvest, archive, and preserve all Swedish web pages for future
research, as a complement to legal deposit of documents in fixed form
(such as on paper and optical disks). Counting from the harvest in
February 1998, there were 9.6 million files available on the Swedish
parts of the Internet, half of which were in text/html format. At the
same time, Project Runeberg had 15,000 HTML files, constituting 0.3 %
of our nation's web contents.
- Jun 1998 - Nya vägar för
boken / New Book Economy
- In his inventory of the Swedish electronic book market as of mid
1998, Erik Peurell notes that Project Runeberg is based on the highest
possible technological competence. His report is part of the Swedish
contribution to the 2nd round ("bis", 1998-2000) of the "New Book
Economy" project, funded by the European Social Fund - Community
- 1 Apr 1998 - April 1st front page
- This year's April joke described how Project Runeberg was subject
to take-over by the Swedish Cooperative Union.
- 6 Feb 1998 - DELS-seminarium
- Projektledare Lars Aronsson berättar om Projekt Runeberg på De
litterära sällskapens samarbetsnämnds (DELS) seminarium, Stockholms
- 21 Dec 1997 - Christmas 1997 Front
- At the same time celebrating 5 years on the Internet.
- 15 Dec 1997 - ABM-dagen
- Projektledare Lars Aronsson berättade om Projekt Runeberg på
ABM-dagen (Arkiv, Bibliotek, Museer) på Kungliga Biblioteket i
- 14 Dec 1997 - Svenskt nyhetsbrev 14
- Swedish newsletter, providing some statistics.
- Oct 1997 - Boken i tiden
- A Swedish governmental report, Boken i tiden (SOU 1997:141) is concerned with the opportunities and threats for
the future of the book business posed by the rapid development of
- Sep 1997 - Fall 1997 Front
- Featuring female writers
- 28 Apr 1997 - System 1997
- Two editors of Project Runeberg volunteer to act as customers for
an undergraduate computer science course, ordering a new search system
for Project Runeberg from a group of students. The requirement
specification was approved on 28 April 1997, and development began.
After it was installed in the summer of 1997,
the new search system is still in
use more than a year later. The full
system documentation is available online (in Swedish only).
- 1 Apr 1997 - April 1st, 1997 Front
- Suddenly the copyright term was extended to the lifetime of an
author plus 120 years. What a surprise! Project Runeberg on this day
decided to give up the traditional literature and authors and instead
publish texts that were made up by a computer program. Some of our
readers recalled our 1995 April fools' joke (above).
- Mar 1997 - March 1997 Front
- "Välkommen till 1800-talet!" -- Welcome back to the 19th century!
Project Runeberg can be a source of historic insight.
- Jan 1997 - IT i kulturens tjänst
- A Swedish governmental report, IT i kulturens tjänst (SOU 1997:14)
suggests the establishment of Culture Net Sweden, and gives a good overview of the state of
information technology use in various Swedish cultural institutions.
- Dec 1996 - December 1996 Front
- Bellman, Fröding, Ibsen are classic Nordic authors featured
together with Hasse Bredenberg's beautiful Christmas postcards. New
front page design with the new "black block" logotype (designed by
Leif Nixon) to the left.
- 1 Oct 1996 - Information till
- Information in Swedish about Project Runeberg, written for
- Sep 1996 - September 1996 Front
- "Öppna riksdagen!" -- Time to open the Swedish parliament by
publishing their texts on the Internet. Swedish law texts
(Svensk Författningssamling) still hide in a
telnet-based database from old ages, but Project Runeberg presents
them in HTML. Last front page with the old "punch card" logotype.
- Jul 1996 - July 1996 Front Page
- What are you doing this summer? Why not help Project Runeberg?
- May 1996 - May 1996 Front Page
- Poesi on line 96 and Hans-Eric Hellberg's Kram were
our new electronic editions. The big news: Project Runeberg moves
indoors, as we started to use our new editor's office at Linköping
- Apr 1996 - April 1996 Front Page
- Announcing the Bible being complete and Lysator being nominated to
the Swedish Web Championships. First runner up in the non-commercial
class is not too bad.
- This all made us publish some not-so-modest Facts and Statements.
- Mar 1996 - Complete at last!
- After more than two years of hard work, Project Runeberg's
electronic edition of the Swedish Bible of
1917 is now complete!
- Feb 1996 - February 1996 Front Page
- Having seen the Christmas greetings all through January, it was
time for some change. This time telling the world about using Project
Runeberg at school.
- Feb 1996 - More to Read about Project Runeberg
- This timeline page and a page on media coverage are set up, first
in reverse order, but soon changed to natural order.
- 25 Jan 1996 - Free Web Space for
- As part of the index of Nordic
Authors, Project Runeberg offers to publish information about
literary societies pertaining to Nordic authors and artists.
- Dec 1995 - Christmas 1995 Front Page
- Dec 1995 - Did Karlfeldt Make it into
- The gates of cyberspace were about to close for another 20
years. In the last six weeks of 1995, Project Runeberg produced no
less than 30 new electronic editions of Swedish authors who died in
the interval 1926 - 1944. They would be covered by copyright unless we
publish before the end of the year. Yes, Karlfeldt did make it into
cyberspace. We have digitized almost all of his poetry.
- 28 Oct 1995 - Böcker är IT.
- This brief text was distributed at the book fair "Bok- och
biblioteksmässan" in Gothenburg (in Swedish only)
- 16 Oct 1995 - Letter to Swedish
- We sent this letter to the Law Committee (lagutskottet) of the
Swedish parliament, asking them to change the transitory rules of the
proposed new copyright law. (in Swedish only)
- Jun 1995 - Proposed New Swedish Copyright
- The new law proposal makes us hurry to publish Selma Lagerlöf's Mårbackablomster. Public Domain
authors who died in 1926-1944 could be brought back under copyright
protection! The proposal is stalling in parliament.
- Jun 1995 - Converting our Texts to HTML
- Svensk lag, Olavus Petri, Gösta Berlings saga, Karlfeldt, Boye
- Apr 1995 - April Fools
- Project Runeberg's announcement proves that intellectuals are just
as easy to kid as anybody.
- Mar 1995 - Contributions
- A promotional text in Swedish. This year, everybody on the web is
doing funny versions of the <hr> tag for horizontal rulers, so
why shouldn't we?
- Oct 1994 - Bilder ur Nordens
- 90 years earlier, this color illustrated book of flowers was a
revolution in biology teaching. It immediately becomes one of Project
Runeberg's most popular titles. Electronic edition by Johan Tufvesson.
- Aug 1994 - Auto-Generated Catalog
- Since the start, the catalog of our published texts had been
maintained by hand. From now on, the work is left to the one who does
it best - the computer.
- Jul 1994 - Nordisk Familjebok, Hermes-kalendern 1934
- 24 May 1994 - Estonian Front Page
- Under the far too ambitious slogan Project Runeberg speaks your
language, parallel front pages were maintained in
Suomea, and now also in
- May 1994 - Information
Leaflet (in Swedish)
- Also published Ordförklaringar
(dictionary) to the 1917 Swedish Bible.
- 18 Mar 1993 - First Media Attention
- An article in Finnish newspaper Helsingin Sanomat is the first
ever media coverage of Project Runeberg.
- 6 Mar 1993 - First Announcement, Mailing List Created
- In Usenet newsgroup soc.culture.nordic, the first public message
outside Lysator tells the world about Project Runeberg. The amount of
response sparks the creation of the Project Runeberg electronic
- Feb 1993 - Start of Web Service at Lysator
- Per Hedbor of Lysator starts Sweden's first World Wide Web server,
and soon starts to write his own webserver software. www.lysator.liu.se is born.
Project Runeberg does not immediately transition to the web from
- 17 Dec 1992 - First non-local access
- Project Runeberg's Gopher menu is accessed from the host
basun.umdc.umu.se. This is the first access from outside Linköping.
- 13 Dec 1992 - Start of Project Runeberg
- Lars Aronsson collects some existing datafiles with poems by
Viktor Rydberg and Erik Stagnelius under a menu called "Project
Runeberg" in Lysator's Gopher server. The idea to start a project like
this has been around for almost a year. The inspiration comes from
Project Gutenberg, USA. The first files to be retrieved from the new
"Projekt Runeberg" menu of Lysator's Gopher server at 8:10 PM on
December 13, 1992, are the first verses of Fänrik Ståls sägner. This time counts as the start of the
project. The next two editions to be accessed are Nordic Words (at 8:11 PM) and Bibeln (at 8:38 PM).
- Aug 1992 - Lysator's Gopher well received
- An historic piece of e-mail
- Jun 1992 - Start of Gopher Service at Lysator
- The 1992 Nordic University Computer Clubs' Conference (NUCCC) is
hosted by Lysator in Linköping. At the final session it is decided
that all clubs should start Internet information services to display
their activites towards each other. Lars Aronsson maintains Lysator's
Gopher server and tries to figure out how to fill the menus with
- Jul 1991 - Swedish Bible Typing Starts
- In LysKOM, Linus Tolke makes the
announcement that he has started to digitize (keyboard entry) the
text of the Swedish Bible of 1917.
Per Cederqvist later heads this activity in 1993 and 1994 as a part of
Project Runeberg, Mon Jan 4 18:02:43 2021